40S ribosomal protein S3 - P23396 (RS3_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Involved in translation as a component of the 40S small ribosomal subunit (PubMed:8706699). Has endonuclease activity and plays a role in repair of damaged DNA (PubMed:7775413). Cleaves phosphodiester bonds of DNAs containing altered bases with broad specificity and cleaves supercoiled DNA more efficiently than relaxed DNA (PubMed:15707971). Displays high binding affinity for 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a common DNA lesion caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) (PubMed:14706345). Has also been shown to bind with similar affinity to intact and damaged DNA (PubMed:18610840). Stimulates the N-glycosylase activity of the base excision protein OGG1 (PubMed:15518571). Enhances the uracil excision activity of UNG1 (PubMed:18973764). Also stimulates the cleavage of the phosphodiester backbone by APEX1 (PubMed:18973764). When located in the mitochondrion, reduces cellular ROS levels and mitochondrial DNA damage (PubMed:23911537). Has also been shown to negatively regulate DNA repair in cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide (PubMed:17049931). Plays a role in regulating transcription as part of the NF-kappa-B p65-p50 complex where it binds to the RELA/p65 subunit, enhances binding of the complex to DNA and promotes transcription of target genes (PubMed:18045535). Represses its own translation by binding to its cognate mRNA (PubMed:20217897). Binds to and protects TP53/p53 from MDM2-mediated ubiquitination (PubMed:19656744). Involved in spindle formation and chromosome movement during mitosis by regulating microtubule polymerization (PubMed:23131551). Involved in induction of apoptosis through its role in activation of CASP8 (PubMed:14988002). Induces neuronal apoptosis by interacting with the E2F1 transcription factor and acting synergistically with it to up-regulate pro-apoptotic proteins BCL2L11/BIM and HRK/Dp5 (PubMed:20605787). Interacts with TRADD following exposure to UV radiation and induces apoptosis by caspase-dependent JNK activation (PubMed:22510408). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
The C-O-P bond 3' to the apurinic or apyrimidinic site in DNA is broken by a beta-elimination reaction, leaving a 3'-terminal unsaturated sugar and a product with a terminal 5'-phosphate. UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Component of the 40S small ribosomal subunit (PubMed:8706699). Identified in a IGF2BP1-dependent mRNP granule complex containing untranslated mRNAs (PubMed:17289661). Interacts with HNRPD (PubMed:24423872). Interacts with PRMT1; the interaction methylates RPS3 (PubMed:19460357). Interacts with SUMO1; the interaction sumoylates RPS3 (PubMed:21968017). Interacts with UBC9 (PubMed:21968017). Interacts with CDK1; the interaction phosphorylates RPS3 (PubMed:21871177). Interacts with PRKCD; the interaction phosphorylates RPS3 (PubMed:19059439). Interacts with PKB/AKT; the interaction phosphorylates RPS3 (PubMed:20605787). Interacts with E2F1; the interaction occurs in the absence of nerve growth factor and increases transcription of pro-apoptotic proteins BCL2L11/BIM and HRK/Dp5 (PubMed:20605787). Interacts with the base excision repair proteins APEX1 and OGG1; interaction with OGG1 increases OGG1 N-glycosylase activity (PubMed:15518571). Interacts with UNG; the interaction increases the uracil excision activity of UNG1 (PubMed:18973764). Interacts with HSP90; the interaction prevents the ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation of RPS3 and is suppressed by increased ROS levels (PubMed:16314389). Interacts with TOM70; the interaction promotes translocation of RPS3 to the mitochondrion (PubMed:23911537). Interacts (via N-terminus) with RELA (via N-terminus); the interaction enhances the DNA-binding activity of the NF-kappa-B p65-p50 complex (PubMed:18045535). Interacts with NFKBIA; the interaction is direct and may bridge the interaction between RPS3 and RELA (PubMed:24457201). Interacts with IKKB; the interaction phosphorylates RPS3 and enhances its translocation to the nucleus (PubMed:21399639). Interacts (via KH domain) with MDM2 and TP53 (PubMed:19656744). Interacts with TRADD (PubMed:22510408). Interacts (via N-terminus) with E.coli O157:H7 (strain EDL933) nleH1 and nleH2; the interaction with nleH1 inhibits phosphorylation by IKKB, reduces RPS3 nuclear abundance and inhibits transcriptional activation by the NF-kappa-B p65-p50 complex (PubMed:20041225, PubMed:21399639). Identified in a HCV IRES-mediated translation complex, at least composed of EIF3C, IGF2BP1, RPS3 and HCV RNA-replicon (PubMed:19541769). Interacts with CRY1 (By similarity). UniProt
  • Isoforms: 2 , currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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