Rho-associated protein kinase 1 - Q13464 (ROCK1_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Protein kinase which is a key regulator of actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity (PubMed:10436159, PubMed:10652353, PubMed:11018042, PubMed:11283607, PubMed:17158456, PubMed:18573880, PubMed:19131646, PubMed:8617235, PubMed:9722579). Involved in regulation of smooth muscle contraction, actin cytoskeleton organization, stress fiber and focal adhesion formation, neurite retraction, cell adhesion and motility via phosphorylation of DAPK3, GFAP, LIMK1, LIMK2, MYL9/MLC2, TPPP, PFN1 and PPP1R12A (PubMed:10436159, PubMed:10652353, PubMed:11018042, PubMed:11283607, PubMed:17158456, PubMed:18573880, PubMed:19131646, PubMed:8617235, PubMed:9722579, PubMed:23093407, PubMed:23355470). Phosphorylates FHOD1 and acts synergistically with it to promote SRC-dependent non-apoptotic plasma membrane blebbing (PubMed:18694941). Phosphorylates JIP3 and regulates the recruitment of JNK to JIP3 upon UVB-induced stress (PubMed:19036714). Acts as a suppressor of inflammatory cell migration by regulating PTEN phosphorylation and stability (By similarity). Acts as a negative regulator of VEGF-induced angiogenic endothelial cell activation (PubMed:19181962). Required for centrosome positioning and centrosome-dependent exit from mitosis (By similarity). Plays a role in terminal erythroid differentiation (PubMed:21072057). May regulate closure of the eyelids and ventral body wall by inducing the assembly of actomyosin bundles (By similarity). Promotes keratinocyte terminal differentiation (PubMed:19997641). Involved in osteoblast compaction through the fibronectin fibrillogenesis cell-mediated matrix assembly process, essential for osteoblast mineralization (By similarity). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
ATP + L-threonyl-[protein] = ADP + H+ + O-phospho-L-threonyl-[protein] UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer. Interacts with RHOB, RHOC, MYLC2B and PTEN. Interacts with ITGB1BP1 (via N-terminus and PTB domain) (By similarity). Interacts with RHOA (activated by GTP), CHORDC1, DAPK3, GEM, JIP3, RHOE, PPP1R12A, PFN1, LIMK1, LIMK2 and TSG101. Interacts with FHOD1 in a Src-dependent manner. Interacts with SHROOM3 (PubMed:22493320). UniProt
The C-terminal auto-inhibitory domain interferes with kinase activity. RHOA binding leads to a conformation change and activation of the kinase. Truncated ROCK1 is constitutively activated. UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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