Sterile alpha and TIR motif-containing protein 1 - Q6SZW1 (SARM1_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

NAD(+) hydrolase, which plays a key role in axonal degeneration following injury by regulating NAD(+) metabolism (PubMed:25908823, PubMed:27671644, PubMed:28334607). Acts as a negative regulator of MYD88- and TRIF-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway by promoting Wallerian degeneration, an injury-induced form of programmed subcellular death which involves degeneration of an axon distal to the injury site (PubMed:15123841, PubMed:16964262, PubMed:20306472, PubMed:25908823). Wallerian degeneration is triggered by NAD(+) depletion: in response to injury, SARM1 is activated and catalyzes cleavage of NAD(+) into ADP-D-ribose (ADPR), cyclic ADPR (cADPR) and nicotinamide; NAD(+) cleavage promoting cytoskeletal degradation and axon destruction (PubMed:25908823, PubMed:28334607, PubMed:30333228, PubMed:31128467, PubMed:31439793, PubMed:31439792). Also able to hydrolyze NADP(+), but not other NAD(+)-related molecules (PubMed:29395922). Can activate neuronal cell death in response to stress (PubMed:20306472). Regulates dendritic arborization through the MAPK4-JNK pathway (By similarity). Involved in innate immune response: inhibits both TICAM1/TRIF- and MYD88-dependent activation of JUN/AP-1, TRIF-dependent activation of NF-kappa-B and IRF3, and the phosphorylation of MAPK14/p38 (PubMed:16964262). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
H2O + NADP+ = ADP-D-ribose 2'-phosphate + H+ + nicotinamide UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Homooctamer; forms an octomeric ring via SAM domains (PubMed:31278906, PubMed:31439792). Interacts with TICAM1/TRIF and thereby interferes with TICAM1/TRIF function (PubMed:16964262). Interacts with MAPK10/JNK3 and SDC2 (via cytoplasmic domain) (By similarity). UniProt
The TIR domain mediates NAD(+) hydrolase (NADase) activity (PubMed:28334607). Self-association of TIR domains is required for NADase activity (PubMed:27671644, PubMed:31278906). UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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