NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1 - Q9C000 (NLRP1_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
As the sensor component of the NLRP1 inflammasome, plays a crucial role in innate immunity and inflammation. In response to pathogens and other damage-associated signals, initiates the formation of the inflammasome polymeric complex, made of NLRP1, CASP1, and possibly PYCARD. Recruitment of proCASP1 to the inflammasome promotes its activation and CASP1-catalyzed IL1B and IL18 maturation and secretion in the extracellular milieu. Activation of NLRP1 inflammasome is also required for HMGB1 secretion. The active cytokines and HMGB1 stimulate inflammatory responses. Inflammasomes can also induce pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of programmed cell death (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:17418785). May be activated by muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a fragment of bacterial peptidoglycan, in a NOD2-dependent manner (PubMed:18511561). Contrary to its mouse ortholog, not activated by Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin (PubMed:19651869). It is unclear whether isoform 2 is involved in inflammasome formation. It is not cleaved within the FIIND domain, does not assemble into specks, nor promote IL1B release (PubMed:22665479). However, in an vitro cell-free system, it has been shown to be activated by MDP (PubMed:17349957). Binds ATP (PubMed:11113115, PubMed:15212762). UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
(Microbial infection) Interacts with vaccinia virus protein F1 (PubMed:16439990). UniProt
Domain
The FIIND (domain with function to find) region is involved in homomerization, but not in CASP1-binding (By similarity). Autocatalytic cleavage in this region occurs constitutively, prior to activation signals, and is required for inflammasome activity (IL1B release), possibly by facilitating CASP1 binding. Both N- and C-terminal fragments remain associated (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:22087307). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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