Denticleless protein homolog - Q9NZJ0 (DTL_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Substrate-specific adapter of a DCX (DDB1-CUL4-X-box) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex required for cell cycle control, DNA damage response and translesion DNA synthesis. The DCX(DTL) complex, also named CRL4(CDT2) complex, mediates the polyubiquitination and subsequent degradation of CDT1, CDKN1A/p21(CIP1), FBH1, KMT5A and SDE2 (PubMed:16861906, PubMed:16949367, PubMed:16964240, PubMed:17085480, PubMed:18703516, PubMed:18794347, PubMed:18794348, PubMed:19332548, PubMed:20129063, PubMed:23478441, PubMed:23478445, PubMed:23677613, PubMed:27906959). CDT1 degradation in response to DNA damage is necessary to ensure proper cell cycle regulation of DNA replication (PubMed:16861906, PubMed:16949367, PubMed:17085480). CDKN1A/p21(CIP1) degradation during S phase or following UV irradiation is essential to control replication licensing (PubMed:18794348, PubMed:19332548). KMT5A degradation is also important for a proper regulation of mechanisms such as TGF-beta signaling, cell cycle progression, DNA repair and cell migration (PubMed:23478445). Most substrates require their interaction with PCNA for their polyubiquitination: substrates interact with PCNA via their PIP-box, and those containing the 'K+4' motif in the PIP box, recruit the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to their degradation. In undamaged proliferating cells, the DCX(DTL) complex also promotes the 'Lys-164' monoubiquitination of PCNA, thereby being involved in PCNA-dependent translesion DNA synthesis (PubMed:20129063, PubMed:23478441, PubMed:23478445, PubMed:23677613). The DDB1-CUL4A-DTL E3 ligase complex regulates the circadian clock function by mediating the ubiquitination and degradation of CRY1 (PubMed:26431207). UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Component of the DCX(DTL) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex (also called CRL4(CDT2)), at least composed of CUL4 (CUL4A or CUL4B), DDB1, DTL/CDT2 and RBX1 (PubMed:16861906, PubMed:17085480, PubMed:16949367, PubMed:17041588, PubMed:18794347, PubMed:18794348, PubMed:23478441). Interacts with CDKN1A (PubMed:23213251). Interacts with DDB1 (PubMed:16949367, PubMed:23478445). Interacts with FBXO11; SCF(FBXWO11) controls DTL stability but DCX(DTL) does not control FBXO11 stability (PubMed:23478445, PubMed:23478441). Interacts with CRY1 (PubMed:26431207). UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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