Mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein MAD2B - Q9UI95 (MD2L2_HUMAN)


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Adapter protein able to interact with different proteins and involved in different biological processes (PubMed:11459825, PubMed:11459826, PubMed:17719540, PubMed:17296730, PubMed:19443654, PubMed:29656893). Mediates the interaction between the error-prone DNA polymerase zeta catalytic subunit REV3L and the inserter polymerase REV1, thereby mediating the second polymerase switching in translesion DNA synthesis (PubMed:20164194). Translesion DNA synthesis releases the replication blockade of replicative polymerases, stalled in presence of DNA lesions (PubMed:20164194). Component of the shieldin complex, which plays an important role in repair of DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) (PubMed:29656893). During G1 and S phase of the cell cycle, the complex functions downstream of TP53BP1 to promote non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and suppress DNA end resection (PubMed:29656893). Mediates various NHEJ-dependent processes including immunoglobulin class-switch recombination, and fusion of unprotected telomeres (PubMed:29656893). May also regulate another aspect of cellular response to DNA damage through regulation of the JNK-mediated phosphorylation and activation of the transcriptional activator ELK1 (PubMed:17296730). Inhibits the FZR1- and probably CDC20-mediated activation of the anaphase promoting complex APC thereby regulating progression through the cell cycle (PubMed:11459825, PubMed:17719540). Regulates TCF7L2-mediated gene transcription and may play a role in epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (PubMed:19443654). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homooligomer (Probable). Heterodimer with REV3L (PubMed:10660610, PubMed:11485998). This dimer forms the minimal DNA polymerase zeta complex (Pol-zeta2), with REV3L bearing DNA polymerase catalytic activity, although its activity is very low in this context (PubMed:11485998). Component of the tetrameric Pol-zeta complex (Pol-zeta4), which consists of REV3L, MAD2L2, POLD2 and POLD3; Pol-zeta4 is the fully active form of DNA polymerase zeta (PubMed:24449906). Component of the shieldin complex, consisting of SHLD1, SHLD2, SHLD3 and MAD2L2/REV7 (PubMed:29656893, PubMed:29789392). Within the complex, SHLD2 forms a scaffold which interacts with a SHLD3-MAD2L2 subcomplex via its N-terminus, and with SHLD1 via its C-terminus (PubMed:29656893). Interacts with REV1 (PubMed:11485998, PubMed:20164194). Interacts with ADAM9 (PubMed:10527948). Interacts with CHAMP1 (PubMed:21063390). Interacts with FZR1 (in complex with the anaphase promoting complex APC) (PubMed:11459825, PubMed:11459826). Interacts with CDC20; PubMed:11459825 could not detect the interaction (PubMed:11459826). Interacts with RAN (PubMed:19753112). Interacts with ELK1; the interaction is direct and recruits MAD2L2 to ELK1-specific promoters (PubMed:17296730). May interact with the JNK kinases MAPK8 and/or MAPK9 to stimulate ELK1 phosphorylation and transcriptional activity upon DNA damage (PubMed:17296730). Interacts with TCF7L2; prevents its binding to promoters and negatively modulates its transcriptional activity (PubMed:19443654). Interacts with YY1AP1 (PubMed:17541814). Interacts with S.flexneri protein ipaB; prevents the interaction of MAD2L2 with FZR1 and CDC20 resulting in an activation of the anaphase-promoting complex APC and a cell cycle arrest (PubMed:17719540). Interacts with PRCC; the interaction is direct (PubMed:11717438). Interacts with POGZ (PubMed:20850016). UniProt
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