6IUF

Crystal structure of Anti-CRISPR protein AcrVA5


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.052 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.152 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

An anti-CRISPR protein disables type V Cas12a by acetylation.

Dong, L.Guan, X.Li, N.Zhang, F.Zhu, Y.Ren, K.Yu, L.Zhou, F.Han, Z.Gao, N.Huang, Z.

(2019) Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 26: 308-314

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41594-019-0206-1
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phages use anti-CRISPR proteins to deactivate the CRISPR-Cas system. The mechanisms for the inhibition of type I and type II systems by anti-CRISPRs have been elucidated. However, it has remained unknown how the type V CRISPR-Cas12a (Cpf1) system is ...

    Phages use anti-CRISPR proteins to deactivate the CRISPR-Cas system. The mechanisms for the inhibition of type I and type II systems by anti-CRISPRs have been elucidated. However, it has remained unknown how the type V CRISPR-Cas12a (Cpf1) system is inhibited by anti-CRISPRs. Here we identify the anti-CRISPR protein AcrVA5 and report the mechanisms by which it inhibits CRISPR-Cas12a. Our structural and biochemical data show that AcrVA5 functions as an acetyltransferase to modify Moraxella bovoculi (Mb) Cas12a at Lys635, a residue that is required for recognition of the protospacer-adjacent motif. The AcrVA5-mediated modification of MbCas12a results in complete loss of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA)-cleavage activity. In contrast, the Lys635Arg mutation renders MbCas12a completely insensitive to inhibition by AcrVA5. A cryo-EM structure of the AcrVA5-acetylated MbCas12a reveals that Lys635 acetylation provides sufficient steric hindrance to prevent dsDNA substrates from binding to the Cas protein. Our study reveals an unprecedented mechanism of CRISPR-Cas inhibition and suggests an evolutionary arms race between phages and bacteria.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China. huangzhiwei@hit.edu.cn.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
protein-a
A, B
96Moraxella bovoculiMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A0U2B867 (Moraxella bovoculi)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0U2B867
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACO
Query on ACO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ACETYL COENZYME *A
C23 H38 N7 O17 P3 S
ZSLZBFCDCINBPY-ZSJPKINUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.052 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.152 
  • Space Group: P 41 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 143.422α = 90.00
b = 143.422β = 90.00
c = 143.422γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaChina31825008
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaChina31422014

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-04-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-04-17
    Type: Data collection, Database references