Endoglin - P17813 (EGLN_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Vascular endothelium glycoprotein that plays an important role in the regulation of angiogenesis (PubMed:21737454, PubMed:23300529). Required for normal structure and integrity of adult vasculature (PubMed:7894484). Regulates the migration of vascular endothelial cells (PubMed:17540773). Required for normal extraembryonic angiogenesis and for embryonic heart development (By similarity). May regulate endothelial cell shape changes in response to blood flow, which drive vascular remodeling and establishment of normal vascular morphology during angiogenesis (By similarity). May play a critical role in the binding of endothelial cells to integrins and/or other RGD receptors (PubMed:1692830). Acts as TGF-beta coreceptor and is involved in the TGF-beta/BMP signaling cascade that ultimately leads to the activation of SMAD transcription factors (PubMed:8370410, PubMed:21737454, PubMed:22347366, PubMed:23300529). Required for GDF2/BMP9 signaling through SMAD1 in endothelial cells and modulates TGFB1 signaling through SMAD3 (PubMed:21737454, PubMed:22347366, PubMed:23300529). UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Homodimer; disulfide-linked (PubMed:8370410, PubMed:1326540, PubMed:21737454, PubMed:22347366, PubMed:28564608). Forms a heteromeric complex with the signaling receptors for transforming growth factor-beta: TGFBR1 and/or TGFBR2 (PubMed:1326540). It is able to bind TGFB1 and TGFB2 with high affinity, but not TGFB3 (PubMed:8370410, PubMed:1326540). Interacts with GDF2, forming a heterotetramer with a 2:2 stoichiometry (PubMed:21737454, PubMed:22347366, PubMed:28564608). Interacts with ACVRL1 (PubMed:22347366, PubMed:28564608). Can form a heteromeric complex with GDF2 and ACVRL1 (PubMed:28564608). Interacts with BMP10 (PubMed:21737454). Interacts with TCTEX1D4 (PubMed:16982625). Interacts with ARRB2 (PubMed:17540773). UniProt
Domain
The N-terminal OR region is composed of two intertwined domains (OR1 and OR2) with a common, novel fold. Each contains 12 beta-strands that form a parallel beta-helix-like structure, plus a single alpha-helix. The OR1 region mediates interaction with GDF2. UniProt
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Data origin/color codes
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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