Transcription initiation factor IIB - Q00403 (TF2B_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
General transcription factor that plays a role in transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). Involved in the pre-initiation complex (PIC) formation and Pol II recruitment at promoter DNA (PubMed:1876184, PubMed:1946368, PubMed:1517211, PubMed:3818643, PubMed:3029109, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312, PubMed:7601352, PubMed:9420329, PubMed:12931194, PubMed:27193682). Together with the TATA box-bound TBP forms the core initiation complex and provides a bridge between TBP and the Pol II-TFIIF complex (PubMed:8504927, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312). Released from the PIC early following the onset of transcription during the initiation and elongation transition and reassociates with TBP during the next transcription cycle (PubMed:7601352). Associates with chromatin to core promoter-specific regions (PubMed:12931194, PubMed:24441171). Binds to two distinct DNA core promoter consensus sequence elements in a TBP-independent manner; these IIB-recognition elements (BREs) are localized immediately upstream (BREu), 5'-[GC][GC][GA]CGCC-3', and downstream (BREd), 5'-[GA]T[TGA][TG][GT][TG][TG]-3', of the TATA box element (PubMed:9420329, PubMed:16230532, PubMed:7675079, PubMed:10619841). Modulates transcription start site selection (PubMed:10318856). Exhibits also autoacetyltransferase activity that contributes to the activated transcription (PubMed:12931194). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
acetyl-CoA + L-lysyl-[protein] = CoA + H+ + N6-acetyl-L-lysyl-[protein] UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
(Microbial infection) Interacts (via C-terminus) with the Herpes simplex virus activator VP16; this interaction stimulates RNA Pol II transcription by increasing the extent of pre-initiation complex assembly. UniProt
Domain
The TFIIB-type zinc-binding domain is necessary for the interaction and recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the core promoter, the formation of a fully competent pre-initiation complex (PIC) assembly and basal transcription initiation (PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312, PubMed:8413225). The C-terminus is necessary and sufficient for interaction with the TATA box-bound TBP complex and for the formation of PIC (PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8413225). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
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Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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