Voltage-gated potassium channel subunit beta-2 - Q13303 (KCAB2_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Cytoplasmic potassium channel subunit that modulates the characteristics of the channel-forming alpha-subunits (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Contributes to the regulation of nerve signaling, and prevents neuronal hyperexcitability (By similarity). Promotes expression of the pore-forming alpha subunits at the cell membrane, and thereby increases channel activity (By similarity). Promotes potassium channel closure via a mechanism that does not involve physical obstruction of the channel pore (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Promotes KCNA4 channel closure (PubMed:7649300, PubMed:11825900). Modulates the functional properties of KCNA5 (By similarity). Enhances KCNB2 channel activity (By similarity). Binds NADPH and has NADPH-dependent aldoketoreductase activity (By similarity). Has broad substrate specificity and can catalyze the reduction of methylglyoxal, 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, prostaglandin J2, 4-nitrobenzaldehyde, 4-nitroacetophenone and 4-oxo-trans-2-nonenal (in vitro) (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Homotetramer (By similarity). Interaction with tetrameric potassium channel alpha subunits gives rise to a heterooctamer (By similarity). Identified in potassium channel complexes containing KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNA4, KCNA5, KCNA6, KCNAB1 and KCNAB2 (By similarity). Interacts with KCNA1 (PubMed:11086297). Interacts with KCNA2 (PubMed:11086297). Interacts with KCNA4 and KCND3 (By similarity). Interacts with KCNA5 (By similarity). Interacts with KCNB2 (By similarity). Interacts (in unphosphorylated form) with MAPRE1 (By similarity). Forms a ternary complex with SQSTM1 and PRKCZ (By similarity). UniProt
In contrast to KCNAB1, the shorter N-terminal domain of KCNAB2 cannot mediate closure of delayed rectifier potassium channels by physically obstructing the pore. UniProt
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