Syntaxin-1A - Q16623 (STX1A_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Plays an essential role in hormone and neurotransmitter calcium-dependent exocytosis and endocytosis (PubMed:26635000). Part of the SNARE (Soluble NSF Attachment Receptor) complex composed of SNAP25, STX1A and VAMP2 which mediates the fusion of synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic plasma membrane. STX1A and SNAP25 are localized on the plasma membrane while VAMP2 resides in synaptic vesicles. The pairing of the three SNAREs from the N-terminal SNARE motifs to the C-terminal anchors leads to the formation of the SNARE complex, which brings membranes into close proximity and results in final fusion. Participates in the calcium-dependent regulation of acrosomal exocytosis in sperm (PubMed:23091057). Plays also an important role in the exocytosis of hormones such as insulin or glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Part of the SNARE core complex containing SNAP25, VAMP2 and STX1A; this complex constitutes the basic catalytic machinery of the complex neurotransmitter release apparatus (PubMed:26635000). The SNARE complex interacts with CPLX1 (By similarity). Interacts with STXBP1 (PubMed:12730201, PubMed:26635000). Interacts (via C-terminus) with KCNB1 (via C-terminus); the interaction increases in a calcium-dependent manner and induces a pore-independent enhancement of exocytosis in neuroendocrine cells, chromaffin cells, pancreatic beta cells and from the soma of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons (By similarity). Interacts with SYTL4 (By similarity). Interacts with STXBP6 (By similarity). Interacts with PLCL1 (via C2 domain) (By similarity). Interacts with OTOF (By similarity). Interacts with LGI3 (By similarity). Interacts with SLC6A4 (By similarity). Interacts with SYT6 and SYT8; the interaction is Ca(2+)-dependent (By similarity). Interacts with VAMP8 (PubMed:12130530). Interacts with SNAP23 (PubMed:12130530). Interacts with VAPA and SYBU (PubMed:15459722). Interacts with PRRT2 (By similarity). Interacts with SEPT8 (By similarity). Interacts with STXBP5L (By similarity). Interacts with synaptotagmin-1/SYT1 (By similarity). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
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  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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