Bloom syndrome protein - P54132 (BLM_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

ATP-dependent DNA helicase that unwinds single- and double-stranded DNA in a 3'-5' direction (PubMed:9388193, PubMed:24816114, PubMed:25901030). Participates in DNA replication and repair (PubMed:12019152, PubMed:21325134, PubMed:23509288). Involved in 5'-end resection of DNA during double-strand break (DSB) repair: unwinds DNA and recruits DNA2 which mediates the cleavage of 5'-ssDNA (PubMed:21325134). Negatively regulates sister chromatid exchange (SCE) (PubMed:25901030). Stimulates DNA 4-way junction branch migration and DNA Holliday junction dissolution (PubMed:25901030). Binds single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), forked duplex DNA and DNA Holliday junction (PubMed:20639533, PubMed:24257077, PubMed:25901030). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
ATP + H2O = ADP + H+ + phosphate UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Monomer (PubMed:28228481). Homodimer (via N-terminus) (PubMed:28228481). Homotetramer (via N-terminus); dimer of dimers (PubMed:28228481). Homohexamer (via N-terminus) (PubMed:28228481). Self-association negatively regulates DNA unwinding amplitude and rate. Oligomeric complexes dissociate into monomer in presence of ATP (PubMed:28228481). Part of the BRCA1-associated genome surveillance complex (BASC), which contains BRCA1, MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, ATM, BLM, PMS2 and the RAD50-MRE11-NBS1 protein complex. This association could be a dynamic process changing throughout the cell cycle and within subnuclear domains. Interacts with ubiquitinated FANCD2. Interacts with RMI complex. Interacts directly with RMI1 (via N-terminal region) component of RMI complex. Interacts with SUPV3L1. Found in a complex, at least composed of BLM, RAD51 and SPIDR; the complex formation is mediated by SPIDR. Interacts with TOP3A (via N-terminal region). Interacts with SPIDR (via C-terminal region); the interaction is direct and required to target BLM to sites of DNA damage. UniProt
The N-terminal region mediates dimerization and homooligomerization (PubMed:28228481). Both the helicase ATP-binding domain and the helicase C-terminal domain form intramolecular interactions with the HRDC domain in a ATP-dependent manner (PubMed:25901030). The HRDC domain is required for single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and DNA Holliday junction binding (PubMed:20639533). UniProt
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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