[F-actin]-monooxygenase MICAL1 - Q8TDZ2 (MICA1_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Monooxygenase that promotes depolymerization of F-actin by mediating oxidation of specific methionine residues on actin to form methionine-sulfoxide, resulting in actin filament disassembly and preventing repolymerization (By similarity). In the absence of actin, it also functions as a NADPH oxidase producing H(2)O(2) (PubMed:21864500, PubMed:26845023). Acts as a cytoskeletal regulator that connects NEDD9 to intermediate filaments. Also acts as a negative regulator of apoptosis via its interaction with STK38 and STK38L; acts by antagonizing STK38 and STK38L activation by MST1/STK4. Involved in regulation of lamina-specific connectivity in the nervous system such as the development of lamina-restricted hippocampal connections. Through redox regulation of the actin cytoskeleton controls the intracellular distribution of secretory vesicles containing L1/neurofascin/NgCAM family proteins in neurons, thereby regulating their cell surface levels (By similarity). May act as Rab effector protein and play a role in vesicle trafficking. UniProt
Catalytic Activity
H+ + L-methionyl-[F-actin] + NADPH + O2 = H2O + L-methionyl-R-S-oxide-[F-actin] + NADP+ UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
Interacts with STK38 and STK38L (By similarity). Interacts with RAB1B, RAB8A, RAB10, RAB13 and RAB15 (in their GTP-bound forms); binding to RAB1B is of low affinity compared to other Rab proteins; at least in case of RAB8A and RAB10 can bind 2 molecules of the Rab proteins simultaneously; ternary complex formation of RAB8A, RAB13 and MICAL1 is possible. Associates with the SH3 domain of NEDD9. Interacts with VIM and PLXNA3. Interacts with RAB1B. UniProt
The C-terminal coiled coil part contains the plexin-interacting region. UniProt
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