Negative elongation factor B - Q8WX92 (NELFB_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Essential component of the NELF complex, a complex that negatively regulates the elongation of transcription by RNA polymerase II (PubMed:12612062). The NELF complex, which acts via an association with the DSIF complex and causes transcriptional pausing, is counteracted by the P-TEFb kinase complex (PubMed:10199401). May be able to induce chromatin unfolding (PubMed:11739404). Essential for early embryogenesis; plays an important role in maintaining the undifferentiated state of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) by preventing unscheduled expression of developmental genes (By similarity). Plays a key role in establishing the responsiveness of stem cells to developmental cues; facilitates plasticity and cell fate commitment in ESCs by establishing the appropriate expression level of signaling molecules (By similarity). Supports the transcription of genes involved in energy metabolism in cardiomyocytes; facilitates the association of transcription initiation factors with the promoters of the metabolism-related genes (By similarity). UniProt
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Subunit Structure
The NELF complex is composed of NELFA, NELFB, NELFCD (isoform NELF-C or isoform NELF-D) and NELFE; the N-terminus of NELFB binds to the NELFA:NELFCD subcomplex (PubMed:12612062). Binds RNA which may help to stabilize the NELF complex on nucleic acid (PubMed:27282391). Interacts with the first BRCT repeat of BRCA1 (PubMed:11739404). Interacts with KIAA1191 (PubMed:21153684). Interacts with NELFE (By similarity). UniProt
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