NAD-dependent protein deacetylase sirtuin-7 - Q9NRC8 (SIR7_HUMAN)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
NAD-dependent protein-lysine deacylase that can act both as a deacetylase or deacylase (desuccinylase, depropionylase and deglutarylase), depending on the context (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:26907567, PubMed:30653310, PubMed:31542297). Specifically mediates deacetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-18' (H3K18Ac) (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:30420520). In contrast to other histone deacetylases, displays strong preference for a specific histone mark, H3K18Ac, directly linked to control of gene expression (PubMed:22722849, PubMed:30653310). H3K18Ac is mainly present around the transcription start site of genes and has been linked to activation of nuclear hormone receptors; SIRT7 thereby acts as a transcription repressor (PubMed:22722849). Moreover, H3K18 hypoacetylation has been reported as a marker of malignancy in various cancers and seems to maintain the transformed phenotype of cancer cells (PubMed:22722849). Also able to mediate deacetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-36' (H3K36Ac) in the context of nucleosomes (PubMed:30653310). Also mediates deacetylation of non-histone proteins, such as ATM, CDK9, DDX21, DDB1, FBL, FKBP5/FKBP51, GABPB1, RAN, RRP9/U3-55K and POLR1E/PAF53 (PubMed:24207024, PubMed:26867678, PubMed:28147277, PubMed:28886238, PubMed:28426094, PubMed:30540930, PubMed:31075303, PubMed:30944854, PubMed:28790157). Enriched in nucleolus where it stimulates transcription activity of the RNA polymerase I complex (PubMed:16618798, PubMed:19174463, PubMed:24207024). Acts by mediating the deacetylation of the RNA polymerase I subunit POLR1E/PAF53, thereby promoting the association of RNA polymerase I with the rDNA promoter region and coding region (PubMed:16618798, PubMed:19174463, PubMed:24207024). In response to metabolic stress, SIRT7 is released from nucleoli leading to hyperacetylation of POLR1E/PAF53 and decreased RNA polymerase I transcription (PubMed:24207024). Required to restore the transcription of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) at the exit from mitosis (PubMed:19174463). Promotes pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) cleavage at the 5'-terminal processing site by mediating deacetylation of RRP9/U3-55K, a core subunit of the U3 snoRNP complex (PubMed:26867678). Mediates 'Lys-37' deacetylation of Ran, thereby regulating the nuclear export of NF-kappa-B subunit RELA/p65 (PubMed:31075303). Acts as a regulator of DNA damage repair by mediating deacetylation of ATM during the late stages of DNA damage response, promoting ATM dephosphorylation and deactivation (PubMed:30944854). Suppresses the activity of the DCX (DDB1-CUL4-X-box) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes by mediating deacetylation of DDB1, which prevents the interaction between DDB1 and CUL4 (CUL4A or CUL4B) (PubMed:28886238). Activates RNA polymerase II transcription by mediating deacetylation of CDK9, thereby promoting 'Ser-2' phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (PubMed:28426094). Deacetylates FBL, promoting histone-glutamine methyltransferase activity of FBL (PubMed:30540930). Acts as a regulator of mitochondrial function by catalyzing deacetylation of GABPB1 (By similarity). Regulates Akt/AKT1 activity by mediating deacetylation of FKBP5/FKBP51 (PubMed:28147277). Required to prevent R-loop-associated DNA damage and transcription-associated genomic instability by mediating deacetylation and subsequent activation of DDX21, thereby overcoming R-loop-mediated stalling of RNA polymerases (PubMed:28790157). In addition to protein deacetylase activity, also acts as protein-lysine deacylase (PubMed:27436229, PubMed:27997115, PubMed:31542297). Acts as a protein depropionylase by mediating depropionylation of Osterix (SP7), thereby regulating bone formation by osteoblasts (By similarity). Acts as a histone deglutarylase by mediating deglutarylation of histone H4 on 'Lys-91' (H4K91glu); a mark that destabilizes nucleosomes by promoting dissociation of the H2A-H2B dimers from nucleosomes (PubMed:31542297). Acts as a histone desuccinylase: in response to DNA damage, recruited to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and catalyzes desuccinylation of histone H3 on 'Lys-122' (H3K122succ), thereby promoting chromatin condensation and DSB repair (PubMed:27436229). Also promotes DSB repair by promoting H3K18Ac deacetylation, regulating non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) (By similarity). Along with its role in DNA repair, required for chromosome synapsis during prophase I of female meiosis by catalyzing H3K18Ac deacetylation (By similarity). Involved in transcriptional repression of LINE-1 retrotransposon via H3K18Ac deacetylation, and promotes their association with the nuclear lamina (PubMed:31226208). Required to stabilize ribosomal DNA (rDNA) heterochromatin and prevent cellular senescence induced by rDNA instability (PubMed:29728458). Acts as a negative regulator of SIRT1 by preventing autodeacetylation of SIRT1, restricting SIRT1 deacetylase activity (By similarity). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
H2O + N6-propanoyl-L-lysyl-[protein] + NAD+ = 3''-O-propanoyl-ADP-D-ribose + L-lysyl-[protein] + nicotinamide UniProt
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Subunit Structure
Interacts with UBTF and the RNA polymerase I complex (PubMed:16618798, PubMed:19174463). Interacts with components of the B-WICH complex, such as MYBBP1A, SMARCA5/SNF2H and BAZ1B/WSTF (PubMed:22586326). Interacts with ELK4, leading to stabilization at target promoters for H3K18Ac deacetylation (PubMed:22722849). Interacts with histone H2A and/or histone H2B (PubMed:22722849). Interacts with DNMT1 (By similarity). Interacts with SIRT1 (By similarity). UniProt
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Data in blue originates from PDB
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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