Exonuclease 3'-5' domain-containing protein 2 - Q9NVH0 (EXD2_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for Q9NVH0: 8
Exonuclease that has both 3'-5' exoribonuclease and exodeoxyribonuclease activities, depending on the divalent metal cation used as cofactor (PubMed:29335528, PubMed:31127291). In presence of Mg(2+), only shows 3'-5' exoribonuclease activity, while it shows both exoribonuclease and exodeoxyribonuclease activities in presence of Mn(2+) (PubMed:29335528, PubMed:31127291). Acts as an exoribonuclease in mitochondrion, possibly by regulating ATP production and mitochondrial translation (PubMed:29335528). Also involved in the response to DNA damage (PubMed:26807646, PubMed:31255466). Acts as 3'-5' exodeoxyribonuclease for double-strand breaks resection and efficient homologous recombination (PubMed:20603073, PubMed:26807646). Plays a key role in controlling the initial steps of chromosomal break repair, it is recruited to chromatin in a damage-dependent manner and functionally interacts with the MRN complex to accelerate resection through its 3'-5' exonuclease activity, which efficiently processes double-stranded DNA substrates containing nicks (PubMed:26807646). Also involved in response to replicative stress: recruited to stalled forks and is required to stabilize and restart stalled replication forks by restraining excessive fork regression, thereby suppressing their degradation (PubMed:31255466). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
Exonucleolytic cleavage in the 3'- to 5'-direction to yield nucleoside 5'-phosphates. UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Homodimer (PubMed:31127291). Interacts with RBBP8, MRE11 and BRCA1 (PubMed:26807646). UniProt
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The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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