Chemical Component Summary

Name1-(PHENYL-1-CYCLOHEXYL)PIPERIDINE
Identifiers1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine
FormulaC17 H25 N
Molecular Weight243.39
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESC1CCN(CC1)C1(CCCCC1)c1ccccc1
InChIInChI=1S/C17H25N/c1-4-10-16(11-5-1)17(12-6-2-7-13-17)18-14-8-3-9-15-18/h1,4-5,10-11H,2-3,6-9,12-15H2
InChIKeyJTJMJGYZQZDUJJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count43
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count45
Aromatic Bond Count6
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB03575 Different stereochemistry
NamePhencyclidine
Groupsillicit
DescriptionA hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to ketamine in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (receptors, N-methyl-D-aspartate). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine
  • PCP
SaltsPhencyclidine hydrochloride
Brand NamesSernyl
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
PharmacologyPhencyclidine works primarily as an NMDA receptor antagonist, which blocks the activity of the NMDA Receptor.
Mechanism of actionThe N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor, a type of ionotropic receptor, is found on the dendrites of neurons and receives signals in the form of neurotransmitters. It is a major excitatory receptor in the brain. Normal physiological function requires that the activated receptor fluxes positive ions through the channel part of the receptor. PCP enters the ion channel from the outside of the neuron and binds, reversibly, to a site in the channel pore, blocking the flux of positive ions into the cell. PCP therefore inhibits depolarization of neurons and interferes with cognitive and other functions of the nervous system. [Wikipedia]
Categories
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
CAS number77-10-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682