AKN

(2S)-N-[(1R,2S,3S,4R,5S)-4-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(aminomethyl)-3,4,5-tris(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-5-azanyl-2-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4-azanyl-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,5-bis(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-3-oxidanyl-cyclohexyl]-4-azanyl-2-oxidanyl-butanamide

AKN as a free ligand exists in 2 entries. Examples include: 6CGD 4P20

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

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Chemical Component Summary

Name(2S)-N-[(1R,2S,3S,4R,5S)-4-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(aminomethyl)-3,4,5-tris(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-5-azanyl-2-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4-azanyl-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,5-bis(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-3-oxidanyl-cyclohexyl]-4-azanyl-2-oxidanyl-butanamide
Identifiers(2S)-N-[(1R,2S,3S,4R,5S)-4-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(aminomethyl)-3,4,5-tris(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-5-azanyl-2-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4-azanyl-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3,5-bis(oxidanyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-3-oxidanyl-cyclohexyl]-4-azanyl-2-oxidanyl-butanamide
FormulaC22 H43 N5 O13
Molecular Weight585.60
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNCC[C@H](O)C(=O)N[C@@H]1C[C@H](N)[C@@H](O[C@H]2O[C@H](CN)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O[C@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@H]1O
InChIInChI=1S/C22H43N5O13/c23-2-1-8(29)20(36)27-7-3-6(25)18(39-22-16(34)15(33)13(31)9(4-24)37-22)17(35)19(7)40-21-14(32)11(26)12(30)10(5-28)38-21/h6-19,21-22,28-35H,1-5,23-26H2,(H,27,36)/t6-,7+,8-,9+,10+,11-,12+,13+,14+,15-,16+,17-,18+,19-,21+,22+/m0/s1
InChIKeyLKCWBDHBTVXHDL-RMDFUYIESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count83
Chiral Atom Count16
Chiral AtomsC1, C11, C14, C16, C17, C19, C21, C22, C24, C26, C28, C3, C37, C4, C5, C7
Bond Count85
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00479 Different stereochemistry
NameAmikacin
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionAmikacin is a semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from kanamycin A. Similar to other aminoglycosides, amikacin disrupts bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosome of susceptible organisms. Binding interferes with mRNA binding and tRNA acceptor sites leading to the production of non-functional or toxic peptides. Other mechanisms not fully understood may confer the bactericidal effects of amikacin. Amikacin is also nephrotoxic and ototoxic.
Synonyms
  • 1-N-(L(-)-gamma-amino-alpha-Hydroxybutyryl)kanamycin a
  • Amicacin
  • Amiglyde-v
  • Amikacin
  • Amikacina
SaltsAmikacin Sulfate
Brand Names
  • Amikacin Sulfate
  • Amikacin Sulfate Injection USP
  • Amikin
  • Amexel
  • Amukin
Affected OrganismEnteric bacteria and other eubacteria
IndicationFor short-term treatment of serious infections due to susceptible strains of Gram-negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas species, Escherichia coli, species of indole-positive and indole-negative Proteus, Providencia species, Klebsiella-Enterobacter-Serratia species, and Acinetobacter (Mima-Herellea) species. Amikacin may also be used to treat Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections.
PharmacologyAmikacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. Aminoglycosides work by binding to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit, causing misreading of t-RNA, leaving the bacterium unable to synthesize proteins vital to its growth. Aminoglycosides are useful primarily in infections involving aerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, and Enterobacter. In addition, some mycobacteria, including the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, are susceptible to aminoglycosides. Infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria can also be treated with aminoglycosides, but other types of antibiotics are more potent and less damaging to the host. In the past the aminoglycosides have been used in conjunction with penicillin-related antibiotics in streptococcal infections for their synergistic effects, particularly in endocarditis. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Mechanism of actionAminoglycosides like Amikacin "irreversibly" bind to specific 30S-subunit proteins and 16S rRNA. Amikacin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit to prevent the formation of an initiation complex with messenger RNA. Specifically Amikacin binds to four nucleotides of 16S rRNA and a single amino acid of protein S12. This interferes with decoding site in the vicinity of nucleotide 1400 in 16S rRNA of 30S subunit. This region interacts with the wobble base in the anticodon of tRNA. This leads to interference with the initiation complex, misreading of mRNA so incorrect amino acids are inserted into the polypeptide leading to nonfunctional or toxic peptides and the breakup of polysomes into nonfunctional monosomes.
Route of administrationIntramuscular; Intravenous
Categories
  • Aminoglycoside Antibacterials
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antibacterials for Systemic Use
ATC-Code
  • S01AA21
  • J01RA06
  • D06AX12
  • J01GB06
AHFS-Code08:12.02
CAS number37517-28-5

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
30S ribosomal protein S12MATVNQLVRKPRARKVAKSNVPALEACPQKRGVCTRVYTTTPKKPNSALR...yesinhibitor
unknowninhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682