Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers (2S)-2,4-bis(azanyl)-4-oxidanylidene-butanoic acid
Formula C4 H8 N2 O3
Molecular Weight 132.118  g/mol
Isomeric SMILES N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C4H8N2O3/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2H,1,5H2,(H2,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 17
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CA
Bond Count 16
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms n/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00174   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name L-Asparagine
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A non-essential amino acid that is involved in the metabolic control of cell functions in nerve and brain tissue. It is biosynthesized from aspartic acid and ammonia by asparagine synthetase. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
  • (2S)-2-amino-3-carbamoylpropanoic acid
  • (2S)-2,4-diamino-4-oxobutanoic acid
  • (S)-2-amino-3-carbamoylpropanoic acid
  • (S)-Asparagine
  • 2-Aminosuccinamic acid
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Used for nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
Pharmacology A non-essential amino acid. Asparagine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Supplements of this amino acid are claimed to balance nervous system function.
Mechanism of action Asparagine, a non-essential amino acid is important in the metabolism of toxic ammonia in the body through the action of asparagine synthase which attaches ammonia to aspartic acid in an amidation reaction. Asparagine is also used as a structural component in many proteins.
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Basic
  • Amino Acids, Diamino
  • Amino Acids, Neutral
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
CAS number 70-47-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682