Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC40 H56
Molecular Weight536.87
Isomeric SMILESCC1=C(\C=C\C(C)=C\C=C\C(C)=C\C=C\C=C(C)\C=C\C=C(C)\C=C\C2=C(C)CCCC2(C)C)C(C)(C)CCC1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count96
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count97
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB06755 
NameBeta carotene
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionBeta-carotene, with the molecular formula C40H56, belongs to the group of carotenoids consisting of isoprene units. The presence of long chains of conjugated double bonds donates beta-carotene with specific colors.[T162] It is the most abundant form of carotenoid and it is a precursor of the vitamin A. Beta-carotene is composed of two retinyl groups. It is an antioxidant that can be found in yellow, orange and green leafy vegetables and fruits.[T158] Under the FDA, beta-carotene is considered as a generally recognized as safe substance (GRAS).[L2191]
  • beta-carotene
  • β-Karotin
  • all-trans-β-carotene
  • Beta carotene
  • Betacarotene
Brand Names
  • Floriva
  • Multivitamins and Minerals With Betacarotene Tablets
  • VitaPhil Aide
  • Carotene Capsules 10,000 Iu
  • I-care Multivitamin and Multimineral Tablets
IndicationBeta-carotene is FDA approved to be used as a nutrient supplement and to be even added in infant formula as a source of vitamin A.[L2191] It is also approved to be used as a color additive for food products,[L2192] drugs (with the label of "only as a color additive")[L2193] and cosmetics.[L2194] It is used commonly for the reduction of photosensitivity in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria and other photosensitivity diseases.[A32485]
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Alkenes
  • Biological Factors
  • Carotenoids
  • Cyclohexanes
  • A11CA02
  • D02BB01
CAS number7235-40-7

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Free radicals-unknownbinder
Beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenaseMDIIFGRNRKEQLEPVRAKVTGKIPAWLQGTLLRNGPGMHTVGESRYNHW...unknownsubstrate
Very low-density lipoprotein receptorMGTSALWALWLLLALCWAPRESGATGTGRKAKCEPSQFQCTNGRCITLLW...unknownsubstrate
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Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682