Chemical Component Summary

Name CITRIC ACID
Identifiers 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Formula C6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight 192.124  g/mol
Type NON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)
InChIKey KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 21
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms n/a
Bond Count 20
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms n/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB04272   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Citric Acid
Groups nutraceutical
Description A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • Citronensäure
Salts
  • 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • Citronensäure
Brand Names
  • Acd A
  • Acd-A
  • Alka Seltzer Evt
  • Alka Seltzer Flavoured
  • Alka-seltzer
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Route of administration
  • extracorporeal
  • intravenous
  • irrigation; topical
  • oral
  • topical
Categories
  • Anticoagulants
  • Chelating Agents
ATC-Code A09AB04
CAS number 77-92-9

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Carboxypeptidase B MLALLVLVTVALASAHHGGEHFEGEKVFRVNVEDENHINIIRELASTTQI... unknown
Putative stringent starvation protein A MAVAANKRSVMTLFSGPTDIFSHQVRIVLAEKGVSVEIEQVEADNLPQDL... unknown
Citrate synthase, mitochondrial MALLTAAARLLGTKNASCLVLAARHASASSTNLKDILADLIPKEQARIKT... unknown
Beta-lactamase 2 MKKNTLLKVGLCVGLLGTIQFVSTISSVQASQKVEKTVIKNETGTISISQ... unknown
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase MADSELQLVEQRIRSFPDFPTPGVVFRDISPVLKDPASFRAAIGLLARHL... unknown
View More Drug Targets
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682