Chemical Component Summary

Name FOLIC ACID
Identifiers (2S)-2-[[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo-1H-pteridin-6-yl)methylamino]phenyl]carbonylamino]pentanedioic acid
Formula C19 H19 N7 O6
Molecular Weight 441.397  g/mol
Type NON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILES Nc1nc(=O)c2nc(CNc3ccc(cc3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O)cnc2[nH]1
InChI InChI=1S/C19H19N7O6/c20-19-25-15-14(17(30)26-19)23-11(8-22-15)7-21-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)16(29)24-12(18(31)32)5-6-13(27)28/h1-4,8,12,21H,5-7H2,(H,24,29)(H,27,28)(H,31,32)(H3,20,22,25,26,30)/t12-/m0/s1
InChIKey OVBPIULPVIDEAO-LBPRGKRZSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 51
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CA
Bond Count 53
Aromatic Bond Count 17
Leaving Atoms n/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00158   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Folic Acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (poaceae). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Folacin
  • Folate
  • Folic acid
  • Folsaeure
  • N-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
Brand Names
  • Acide Folique 5 Tab
  • Acti-hydroxo/dibencoz 500 + Folic Acid Tab
  • Animi-3
  • Animi-3 With Vitamin D
  • Apo Folic Acid Tab 5mg
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For treatment of folic acid deficiency, megaloblastic anemia and in anemias of nutritional supplements, pregnancy, infancy, or childhood.
Pharmacology Folic acid, a water-soluble B-complex vitamin, is found in foods such as liver, kidneys, yeast, and leafy, green vegetables. Folic acid is used to diagnose folate deficiency and to treat topical sprue and megaloblastic and macrocytic anemias, hematologic complications resulting from a deficiency in folic acid.
Mechanism of action Folic acid, as it is biochemically inactive, is converted to tetrahydrofolic acid and methyltetrahydrofolate by dihydrofolate reductase. These folic acid congeners are transported across cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis where they are needed to maintain normal erythropoiesis, synthesize purine and thymidylate nucleic acids, interconvert amino acids, methylate tRNA, and generate and use formate. Using vitamin B12 as a cofactor, folic acid can normalize high homocysteine levels by remethylation of homocysteine to methionine via methionine synthetase.
Route of administration
  • intramuscular; intravenous; subcutaneous
  • intravenous
  • oral
Categories
  • Hematinics
  • Vitamin B Complex
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
ATC-Code B03BB01
AHFS-Code 88:08.00
CAS number 59-30-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682