Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC6 H6 O
Molecular Weight94.11
Isomeric SMILESOc1ccccc1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count13
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count13
Aromatic Bond Count6
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB03255 Different stereochemistry
  • approved
  • experimental
DescriptionPhenol is an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is active against a wide range of micro-organisms including some fungi and viruses, but is only slowly effective against spores. Phenol has been used to disinfect skin and to relieve itching. Phenol is also used as an oral analgesic or anesthetic in products such as Chloraseptic to treat pharyngitis. Additionally, phenol and its related compounds are used in surgical ingrown toenail treatment, a process termed phenolization. Research indicates that parental exposure to phenol and its related compounds are positively associated with spontaneous abortion. During the second world war, phenol injections were used as a means of execution by the Nazis. Phenol is a toxic compound whose vapours are corrosive to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract.
  • Acide carbolique
  • Acide phenique
  • Benzenol
  • Carbolic acid
  • Carbolsaeure
SaltsPhenyl hydrogen sulfate
Brand Names
  • "diluent for Allergenic Extract Sterile Normal Saline With Phenol (0.4%)"
  • Ambix First Aid
  • Anbesol Ge
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationPhenol is primarily indicated for minor sore throat pain, sore mouth, minor mouth irritation, and pain associated with canker sores. Additionally, phenol is indicated in the treatment of focal spasticity.
Mechanism of actionPhenol is a potent proteolytic agent. Concentrations in the 5% to 7% range dissolve tissue on contact via proteolysis. In high concentrations when injected next to a nerve, phenol produces a chemical neurolysis which is nonselective across nerve fiber size and most prominent on its outer aspect. Local anesthetic effects occur within 5-10 minutes.
Route of administration
  • Buccal
  • Intradermal; Percutaneous; Subcutaneous
  • Intradermal; Subcutaneous
  • Oral
  • Other
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, Local
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Benzene Derivatives
  • D08AE03
  • C05BB05
  • R02AA19
  • N01BX03
CAS number108-95-2
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682