Chemical Component Summary

NameD-MANNITOL
Identifiers(2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
FormulaC6 H14 O6
Molecular Weight182.17
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO
InChIInChI=1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4-,5-,6-/m1/s1
InChIKeyFBPFZTCFMRRESA-KVTDHHQDSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count26
Chiral Atom Count4
Bond Count25
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00742 
NameMannitol
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionMannitol is an osmotic diuretic that is metabolically inert in humans and occurs naturally, as a sugar or sugar alcohol, in fruits and vegetables. Mannitol elevates blood plasma osmolality, resulting in enhanced flow of water from tissues, including the brain and cerebrospinal fluid, into interstitial fluid and plasma. As a result, cerebral edema, elevated intracranial pressure, and cerebrospinal fluid volume and pressure may be reduced. Mannitol may also be used for the promotion of diuresis before irreversible renal failure becomes established; the promotion of urinary excretion of toxic substances; as an Antiglaucoma agent; and as a renal function diagnostic aid.
Synonyms
  • (2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
  • Manna Sugar
  • (2R,3R,4R,5R)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexaol
  • D-(-)-Mannitol
  • Mannite
Brand Names
  • Qr Pain
  • Aridol
  • Aridol Bronchial Challenge Test Kit
  • Leucoflex CGP
  • Curestem Cell Healer C20
IndicationUsed for the promotion of diuresis before irreversible renal failure becomes established, the reduction of intracranial pressure, the treatment of cerebral edema, and the promotion of urinary excretion of toxic substances.
Categories
  • Agents causing hyperkalemia
  • Alcohols
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Blood and Blood Forming Organs
  • Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions
ATC-Code
  • B05CX04
  • A06AD16
  • R05CB16
  • B05BC01
CAS number69-65-8

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Mannitol dehydrogenaseMKLNKQNLTQLAPEVKLPAYTLADTRQGIAHIGVGGFHRAHQAYYTDALM...unknownsubstrate
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682