PLP

PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE

PLP is found in 875 entries.

PLP in polymers: 1 entry. Example includes 1AHG

PLP as free ligands, exist in 874 entries. Examples include 3E5P 1VEF 2VIA

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
Identifiers (5-hydroxy-4-methanoyl-6-methyl-pyridin-3-yl)methyl dihydrogen phosphate
Formula C8 H10 N O6 P
Molecular Weight 247.142  g/mol
Type NON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILES Cc1ncc(COP(O)(O)=O)c(C=O)c1O
InChI InChI=1S/C8H10NO6P/c1-5-8(11)7(3-10)6(2-9-5)4-15-16(12,13)14/h2-3,11H,4H2,1H3,(H2,12,13,14)
InChIKey NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 26
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms n/a
Bond Count 26
Aromatic Bond Count 6
Leaving Atoms n/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00114   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Pyridoxal Phosphate
Groups nutraceutical
Description This is the active form of vitamin B6 serving as a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. During transamination of amino acids, pyridoxal phosphate is transiently converted into pyridoxamine phosphate (pyridoxamine). [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Codecarboxylase
  • PLP
  • Pyridoxal 5-phosphate
  • Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
  • Pyridoxal P
Brand Names
  • Biosechs
  • Himitan
  • Vitazechs
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For nutritional supplementation and for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
Pharmacology The two major forms of vitamin B6 are pyridoxine and pyridoxamine. In the liver they are converted to pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) which is a cofactor in many reactions of amino acid metabolism. PLP also is necessary for the enzymatic reaction governing the release of glucose from glycogen. Pyroluria is one potential cause of vitamin B6 deficiency.
Mechanism of action Pyridoxal Phosphate is a coenzyme of many enzymatic reactions. It is the active form of vitamin B6 which comprises three natural organic compounds, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine. Pyridoxal phosphate acts as a coenzyme in all transamination reactions, and in some decarboxylation and deamination reactions of amino acids. The aldehyde group of pyridoxal phosphate forms a Schiff-base linkage with the epsilon-amino group of a specific lysine group of the aminotransferase enzyme. The alpha-amino group of the amino acid substrate displaces the epsilon-amino group of the active-site lysine residue. The resulting aldimine becomes deprotonated to become a quinoid intermediate, which in turn accepts a proton at a different position to become a ketimine. The resulting ketimine is hydrolysed so that the amino group remains on the protein complex.
Categories
  • Vitamin B Complex
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
ATC-Code A11HA06
CAS number 54-47-7

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase 1 MPSTDLLMLKAFEPYLEILEVYSTKAKNYVNGHCTKYEPWQLIAWSVVWT... unknown cofactor
Cystathionine beta-synthase MPSETPQAEVGPTGCPHRSGPHSAKGSLEKGSPEDKEAKEPLWIRPDAPS... unknown cofactor
Selenocysteine lyase variant FSNPFCGETFPRKPDLKGTHRWAPQPSEGGQAPFHYFLGGTRLHPAAPGA... unknown cofactor
Pyridoxine-5'-phosphate oxidase MTCWLRGVTATFGRPAEWPGYLSHLCGRSAAMDLGPMRKSYRGDREAFEE... unknown cofactor
Pyridoxal phosphate phosphatase MARCERLRGAALRDVLGRAQGVLFDCDGVLWNGERAVPGAPELLERLARA... unknown cofactor
View More Drug Targets
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682