Chemical Component Summary

NamePROFLAVIN
Identifiersacridine-3,6-diamine
FormulaC13 H11 N3
Molecular Weight209.25
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNc1ccc2cc3ccc(N)cc3nc2c1
InChIInChI=1S/C13H11N3/c14-10-3-1-8-5-9-2-4-11(15)7-13(9)16-12(8)6-10/h1-7H,14-15H2
InChIKeyWDVSHHCDHLJJJR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count27
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count29
Aromatic Bond Count16
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01123 Different stereochemistry
NameProflavine
Groupsapproved
Description3,6-Diaminoacridine. Topical antiseptic used mainly in wound dressings. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 2,8-Diaminoacridine
  • 3,6-acridinediamine
  • 3,6-diaminoacridine
  • Diaminoacridine
  • Proflavin
SaltsProflavine hemisulfate
Brand Names
  • Kerr 100 Triple Dye Dispos-A
  • Perineze Triple Dye
  • Triple Dye
Affected OrganismEnteric bacteria and other eubacteria
IndicationTopical antiseptic used mainly in wound dressings.
PharmacologyProflavine is an acriflavine derivative which is a disinfectant bacteriostatic against many gram-positive bacteria. Proflavine is toxic and carcinogenic in mammals and so it is used only as a surface disinfectant or for treating superficial wounds.
Mechanism of actionProflavine acts by interchelating DNA (intercalation), thereby disrupting DNA synthesis and leading to high levels of mutation in the copied DNA strands. This prevents bacterial reproduction.
Route of administrationTopical
Categories
  • Acridines
  • Aminoacridines
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
CAS number92-62-6
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682