Chemical Component Summary

Name TETRACYCLINE
Identifiers (4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-4,4a,5,5a-tetrahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide
Formula C22 H24 N2 O8
Molecular Weight 444.435  g/mol
Type NON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILES CN(C)C1[C@@H]2C[C@H]3C(=C(O)[C@]2(O)C(=O)C(C(N)=O)=C1O)C(=O)c1c(O)cccc1[C@@]3(C)O
InChI InChI=1S/C22H24N2O8/c1-21(31)8-5-4-6-11(25)12(8)16(26)13-9(21)7-10-15(24(2)3)17(27)14(20(23)30)19(29)22(10,32)18(13)28/h4-6,9-10,15,25,27-28,31-32H,7H2,1-3H3,(H2,23,30)/t9-,10-,15-,21+,22-/m0/s1
InChIKey OFVLGDICTFRJMM-WESIUVDSSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 56
Chiral Atom Count 5
Chiral Atoms C1C C4 C41 C51 C6
Bond Count 59
Aromatic Bond Count 6
Leaving Atoms n/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00759   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Tetracycline
Groups approved
Description Tetracycline is a broad spectrum polyketide antibiotic produced by the Streptomyces genus of Actinobacteria. It exerts a bacteriostatic effect on bacteria by binding reversible to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit and blocking incoming aminoacyl tRNA from binding to the ribosome acceptor site. It also binds to some extent to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit and may alter the cytoplasmic membrane causing intracellular components to leak from bacterial cells.
Synonyms
  • (4S,4AS,5as,12as)-4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
  • Abramycin
  • Achromycin
  • Anhydrotetracycline
  • Deschlorobiomycin
Salts
  • (4S,4AS,5as,12as)-4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
  • Abramycin
  • Achromycin
  • Anhydrotetracycline
  • Deschlorobiomycin
Brand Names
  • Achromycin Ont Oph 1%
  • Achromycin V
  • Achromycin V Cap 250mg
  • Acnecycline
  • Actisite
Affected Organism
  • Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
  • Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Rickettsia rickettsii
Indication Used to treat bacterial infections such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever, tick fevers, Q fever, rickettsialpox and Brill-Zinsser disease. May be used to treat infections caused by Chlamydiae spp., B. burgdorferi (Lyme disease), and upper respiratory infections caused by typical (S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis) and atypical organisms (C. pneumoniae, M. pneumoniae, L. pneumophila). May also be used to treat acne. Tetracycline may be an alternative drug for people who are allergic to penicillin.
Pharmacology Tetracycline is a short-acting antibiotic that inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting translation. It binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit and prevents the amino-acyl tRNA from binding to the A site of the ribosome. It also binds to some extent to the 50S ribosomal subunit. This binding is reversible in nature. Additionally tetracycline may alter the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria causing leakage of intracellular contents, such as nucleotides, from the cell.
Mechanism of action Tetracycline passively diffuses through porin channels in the bacterial membrane and reversibly binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit, preventing binding of tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex, and thus interfering with protein synthesis.
Route of administration
  • dental
  • ophthalmic
  • oral
  • topical
Categories
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
  • Antiprotozoal Agents
  • Tetracyclines
ATC-Code
  • A01AB13
  • D06AA04
  • J01AA07
  • S01AA09
  • S02AA08
AHFS-Code
  • 08:12.24
  • 52:04.04
CAS number 60-54-8
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682