2GDI

Crystal structure of thiamine pyrophosphate-specific riboswitch in complex with thiamine pyrophosphate

  • Classification: RNA
  • Mutation(s): No 

  • Deposited: 2006-03-16 Released: 2006-07-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Serganov, A.

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for gene regulation by a thiamine pyrophosphate-sensing riboswitch.

Serganov, A.Polonskaia, A.Phan, A.T.Breaker, R.R.Patel, D.J.

(2006) Nature 441: 1167-1171

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04740
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2GDI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Riboswitches are metabolite-sensing RNAs, typically located in the non-coding portions of messenger RNAs, that control the synthesis of metabolite-related proteins. Here we describe a 2.05 angstroms crystal structure of a riboswitch domain from the E ...

    Riboswitches are metabolite-sensing RNAs, typically located in the non-coding portions of messenger RNAs, that control the synthesis of metabolite-related proteins. Here we describe a 2.05 angstroms crystal structure of a riboswitch domain from the Escherichia coli thiM mRNA that responds to the coenzyme thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP). TPP is an active form of vitamin B1, an essential participant in many protein-catalysed reactions. Organisms from all three domains of life, including bacteria, plants and fungi, use TPP-sensing riboswitches to control genes responsible for importing or synthesizing thiamine and its phosphorylated derivatives, making this riboswitch class the most widely distributed member of the metabolite-sensing RNA regulatory system. The structure reveals a complex folded RNA in which one subdomain forms an intercalation pocket for the 4-amino-5-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine moiety of TPP, whereas another subdomain forms a wider pocket that uses bivalent metal ions and water molecules to make bridging contacts to the pyrophosphate moiety of the ligand. The two pockets are positioned to function as a molecular measuring device that recognizes TPP in an extended conformation. The central thiazole moiety is not recognized by the RNA, which explains why the antimicrobial compound pyrithiamine pyrophosphate targets this riboswitch and downregulates the expression of thiamine metabolic genes. Both the natural ligand and its drug-like analogue stabilize secondary and tertiary structure elements that are harnessed by the riboswitch to modulate the synthesis of the proteins coded by the mRNA. In addition, this structure provides insight into how folded RNAs can form precision binding pockets that rival those formed by protein genetic factors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5168, Grenoble, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar nucleic acids by: 
(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
TPP riboswitchX, Y80N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TPP
Query on TPP

Download CCD File 
X, Y
THIAMINE DIPHOSPHATE
C12 H19 N4 O7 P2 S
AYEKOFBPNLCAJY-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
K
Query on K

Download CCD File 
X
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
X, Y
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
X
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 148.819α = 90
b = 29.558β = 94.55
c = 95.17γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CAD4data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-03-16 
  • Released Date: 2006-07-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Serganov, A.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance