1B2Y

STRUCTURE OF HUMAN PANCREATIC ALPHA-AMYLASE IN COMPLEX WITH THE CARBOHYDRATE INHIBITOR ACARBOSE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Crystal structures of human pancreatic alpha-amylase in complex with carbohydrate and proteinaceous inhibitors.

Nahoum, V.Roux, G.Anton, V.Rouge, P.Puigserver, A.Bischoff, H.Henrissat, B.Payan, F.

(2000) Biochem J 346 Pt 1: 201-208

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1B2Y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Crystal structures of human pancreatic alpha-amylase (HPA) in complex with naturally occurring inhibitors have been solved. The tetrasaccharide acarbose and a pseudo-pentasaccharide of the trestatin family produced identical continuous electron densities corresponding to a pentasaccharide species, spanning the -3 to +2 subsites of the enzyme, presumably resulting from transglycosylation ...

    Crystal structures of human pancreatic alpha-amylase (HPA) in complex with naturally occurring inhibitors have been solved. The tetrasaccharide acarbose and a pseudo-pentasaccharide of the trestatin family produced identical continuous electron densities corresponding to a pentasaccharide species, spanning the -3 to +2 subsites of the enzyme, presumably resulting from transglycosylation. Binding of the acarviosine core linked to a glucose residue at subsites -1 to +2 appears to be a critical part of the interaction process between alpha-amylases and trestatin-derived inhibitors. Two crystal forms, obtained at different values of pH, for the complex of HPA with the protein inhibitor from Phaseolus vulgaris (alpha-amylase inhibitor) have been solved. The flexible loop typical of the mammalian alpha-amylases was shown to exist in two different conformations, suggesting that loop closure is pH-sensitive. Structural information is provided for the important inhibitor residue, Arg-74, which has not been observed previously in structural analyses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, CNRS-IFR1, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (ALPHA-AMYLASE)A496Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AMY2A
EC: 3.2.1.1
Find proteins for P04746 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04746 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04746
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P04746
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-quinovopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-4,6-dideoxy-4-{[(1S,4R,5S,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-yl]amino}-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
4 N/A N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PCA
Query on PCA

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A
PYROGLUTAMIC ACID
C5 H7 N O3
ODHCTXKNWHHXJC-VKHMYHEASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 53.11α = 90
b = 75.1β = 90
c = 137.13γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1998-12-03 
  • Released Date: 2000-02-16 
  • Deposition Author(s): Nahoum, V., Payan, F.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-02-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Atomic model, Structure summary
  • Version 3.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary