1X8J

Crystal structure of retinol dehydratase in complex with androsterone and inactive cofactor PAP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structures of the unique sulfotransferase retinol dehydratase with product and inhibitors provide insight into enzyme mechanism and inhibition.

Pakhomova, S.Buck, J.Newcomer, M.E.

(2005) Protein Sci 14: 176-182

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.041061105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1X8L, 1X8K, 1X8J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The structure of retinol dehydratase (DHR) from Spodoptera frugiperda, a member of the sulfotransferase superfamily, in complexes with the inactive form of the cofactor PAP 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) and (1) the product of the reaction with retinol anhydroretinol (AR), (2) the retinoid inhibitor all-trans-4-oxoretinol (OR), and (3) the potent steroid inhibitor androsterone (AND) have been determined and compared to the enzyme complex with PAP and retinol ...

    The structure of retinol dehydratase (DHR) from Spodoptera frugiperda, a member of the sulfotransferase superfamily, in complexes with the inactive form of the cofactor PAP 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) and (1) the product of the reaction with retinol anhydroretinol (AR), (2) the retinoid inhibitor all-trans-4-oxoretinol (OR), and (3) the potent steroid inhibitor androsterone (AND) have been determined and compared to the enzyme complex with PAP and retinol. The structures show that the geometry of the active-site amino acids is largely preserved in the various complexes. However, the beta-ionone rings of the retinoids are oriented differently with respect to side chains that have been shown to be important for the enzymatic reaction. In addition, the DHR:PAP:AND complex reveals a novel mode for steroid binding that contrasts significantly with that for steroid binding in other sulfotransferases. The molecule is displaced and rotated approximately 180 degrees along its length so that there is no acceptor hydroxyl in close proximity to the site of sulfate transfer. This observation explains why steroids are potent inhibitors of retinol dehydratase activity, rather than substrates for sulfonation. Most of the steroid-protein contacts are provided by the alpha-helical cap that distinguishes this member of the superfamily. This observation suggests that in addition to providing a chemical environment that promotes the dehydration of a sulfonated intermediate, the cap may also serve to minimize a promiscuous sulfotransferases activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
retinol dehydrataseAB351Spodoptera frugiperdaMutation(s): 2 
Find proteins for Q26490 (Spodoptera frugiperda)
Explore Q26490 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q26490
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
A3P
Query on A3P

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-3'-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
WHTCPDAXWFLDIH-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AOI
Query on AOI

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A, B
Androsterone
C19 H30 O2
QGXBDMJGAMFCBF-HLUDHZFRSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A, B
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
AE2Ki :  110   nM  PDBBind
AE2Ki:  110   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 81.767α = 90
b = 66.762β = 111.17
c = 84.503γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-02-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-07-03
    Changes: Non-polymer description