3ARU

Crystal Structure Analysis of Chitinase A from Vibrio harveyi with novel inhibitors - W275G mutant complex structure with PENTOXIFYLLINE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.143 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.146 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Potent family-18 chitinase inhibitors: x-ray structures, affinities, and binding mechanisms

Pantoom, S.Vetter, I.R.Prinz, H.Suginta, W.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 24312-24323

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.183376
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Six novel inhibitors of Vibrio harveyi chitinase A (VhChiA), a family-18 chitinase homolog, were identified by in vitro screening of a library of pharmacologically active compounds. Unlike the previously identified inhibitors that mimicked the reaction intermediates, crystallographic evidence from 14 VhChiA-inhibitor complexes showed that all of the inhibitor molecules occupied the outer part of the substrate-binding cleft at two hydrophobic areas ...

    Six novel inhibitors of Vibrio harveyi chitinase A (VhChiA), a family-18 chitinase homolog, were identified by in vitro screening of a library of pharmacologically active compounds. Unlike the previously identified inhibitors that mimicked the reaction intermediates, crystallographic evidence from 14 VhChiA-inhibitor complexes showed that all of the inhibitor molecules occupied the outer part of the substrate-binding cleft at two hydrophobic areas. The interactions at the aglycone location are well defined and tightly associated with Trp-397 and Trp-275, whereas the interactions at the glycone location are patchy, indicating lower affinity and a loose interaction with two consensus residues, Trp-168 and Val-205. When Trp-275 was substituted with glycine (W275G), the binding affinity toward all of the inhibitors dramatically decreased, and in most structures two inhibitor molecules were found to stack against Trp-397 at the aglycone site. Such results indicate that hydrophobic interactions are important for binding of the newly identified inhibitors by the chitinase. X-ray data and isothermal microcalorimetry showed that the inhibitors occupied the active site of VhChiA in three different binding modes, including single-site binding, independent two-site binding, and sequential two-site binding. The inhibitory effect of dequalinium in the low nanomolar range makes this compound an extremely attractive lead compound for plausible development of therapeutics against human diseases involving chitinase-mediated pathologies.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal structures of Vibrio harveyi chitinase A complexed with chitooligosaccharides: implications for the catalytic mechanism
      Songsiriritthigul, C., Pantoom, S., Aguda, A.H., Robinson, R.C., Suginta, W.
      (2008) J Struct Biol 162: 491

    Organizational Affiliation

    Biochemistry-Electrochemistry Research Unit, School of Chemistry, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Chitinase AA584Vibrio harveyiMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: chiA
EC: 3.2.1.14
Find proteins for Q9AMP1 (Vibrio harveyi)
Explore Q9AMP1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9AMP1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PNX
Query on PNX

Download CCD File 
A
3,7-DIMETHYL-1-(5-OXOHEXYL)-3,7-DIHYDRO-1H-PURINE-2,6-DIONE
C13 H18 N4 O3
BYPFEZZEUUWMEJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
PNXKd :  600000   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.143 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.146 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.67α = 90
b = 83.93β = 90
c = 102.42γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-04-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2014-01-29
    Changes: Database references