3IB1

Structural basis of the prevention of NSAID-induced damage of the gastrointestinal tract by C-terminal half (C-lobe) of bovine colostrum protein lactoferrin: Binding and structural studies of C-lobe complex with indomethacin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The structural basis for the prevention of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug-induced gastrointestinal tract damage by the C-lobe of bovine colostrum lactoferrin

Mir, R.Singh, N.Vikram, G.Kumar, R.P.Sinha, M.Bhushan, A.Kaur, P.Srinivasan, A.Sharma, S.Singh, T.P.

(2009) Biophys.J. 97: 3178-3186

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2009.09.030
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), due to their good efficacy in the treatment of pain, inflammation, and fever, are among the most prescribed class of medicines in the world. The main drawback of NSAIDs is that they induce gastric complic ...

    Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), due to their good efficacy in the treatment of pain, inflammation, and fever, are among the most prescribed class of medicines in the world. The main drawback of NSAIDs is that they induce gastric complications such as peptic ulceration and injury to the intestine. Four NSAIDs, indomethacin, diclofenac, aspirin, and ibuprofen were selected to induce gastropathy in mouse models. It was found that the addition of C-terminal half of bovine lactoferrin (C-lobe) reversed the NSAID-induced injuries to the extent of 47-70% whereas the coadministration of C-lobe prevented it significantly. The C-lobe was prepared proteolytically using serine proteases. The binding studies of C-lobe with NSAIDs showed that these compounds bind to C-lobe with affinities ranging from 2.6 to 4.8 x 10(-4) M. The complexes of C-lobe were prepared with the above four NSAIDs. All four complexes were crystallized and their detailed three-dimensional structures were determined using x-ray crystallographic method. The structures showed that all the four NSAID molecules bound to C-lobe at the newly identified ligand binding site in C-lobe that is formed involving two alpha-helices, alpha10 and alpha11. The ligand binding site is separated from the well known iron binding site by the longest and the most stable beta-strand, betaj, in the structure. Similar results were also obtained with the full length lactoferrin molecule. This novel, to our knowledge, binding site in C-lobe of lactoferrin shows a good complementarity for the acidic and lipophilic compounds such as NSAIDs. We believe this indicates that C-lobe of lactoferrin can be exploited for the prevention of NSAID-induced gastropathy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lactotransferrin
A
345Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LTF
EC: 3.4.21.-
Find proteins for P24627 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: LTF
Go to UniProtKB:  P24627
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

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A
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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A
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE
Query on FE

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A
FE (III) ION
Fe
VTLYFUHAOXGGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMN
Query on IMN

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A
INDOMETHACIN
C19 H16 Cl N O4
CGIGDMFJXJATDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CO3
Query on CO3

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A
CARBONATE ION
C O3
BVKZGUZCCUSVTD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
IMNKd: 260000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 63.839α = 90.00
b = 50.654β = 107.56
c = 66.119γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
MAR345dtbdata collection
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-08-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2018-08-01
    Type: Data collection, Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2018-08-15
    Type: Data collection, Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary