2018 Annual Report


2018 Annual Report Cover

Cover captions, from top to bottom:
RNA polymerase is a complex enzyme at the heart of transcription. During this process, the enzyme unwinds the DNA double helix and uses one strand (darker orange) as a template to create the single-stranded messenger RNA (green), later used by ribosomes for protein synthesis.

Antibodies (center) are central to the human immune system. Their flexible arms have binding sites that attach to foreign molecules such as viruses (purple) tagging them for destruction.

Collagen, the most abundant protein in our bodies, is used for structural support in fibrous tissues such as tendons, ligaments, and skin. The three chains of collagen are wound into triple helices, which then form elongated fibrils.

Data Exploration (Page 4)
Ligand R36 from

Outreach and Education (Page 4)
Molecule of the Month: An evolved P411 enzyme, with sites of mutation shown with colored spheres as featured in the December 2018 Moleculen of the Month article.

Video Still, Staphylococcus aureus and Antibiotic Resistance

Users and impact (Page 5)
The recently approved monoclonal antibody pembrolizumab (blue) bound to PD-1 receptor (dark red) on the surface of T-cell. This illustration was created based on PDB entries 5ggs and 5dk3, both available in the PDB Archive before this life-saving drug was approved.

Almost 90% of the 210 FDA-approved drugs (2010-2016), had the total of 5,913 related atomic structures in the PDB Archive in the pre-approval years, supporting pre-competitive research. Many of these structures are direct targets of the drug, like the B-Raf Kinase shown below in red from the PDB entry 3og7, a target for the cancer drug Vemurafenib (blue).

Back Cover:
Our bodies synthesize small peptide neurotransmitters, enkephalins (shown at top in red) and endorphins, that bind to the opioid receptors (center) to mediate the pain signal. Opioids such as morphine (cyan) mimic these neurotransmitters, but activate the nerve cells in a different way, altering the pain response.