4IHJ

Crystal structure of tubulin-stathmin-TTL-ADP complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of tubulin tyrosination by tubulin tyrosine ligase.

Prota, A.E.Magiera, M.M.Kuijpers, M.Bargsten, K.Frey, D.Wieser, M.Jaussi, R.Hoogenraad, C.C.Kammerer, R.A.Janke, C.Steinmetz, M.O.

(2013) J Cell Biol 200: 259-270

  • DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201211017
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4IHJ, 4IIJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) catalyzes the post-translational retyrosination of detyrosinated α-tubulin. Despite the indispensable role of TTL in cell and organism development, its molecular mechanism of action is poorly understood. By solving crystal structures of TTL in complex with tubulin, we here demonstrate that TTL binds to the α and β subunits of tubulin and recognizes the curved conformation of the dimer ...

    Tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) catalyzes the post-translational retyrosination of detyrosinated α-tubulin. Despite the indispensable role of TTL in cell and organism development, its molecular mechanism of action is poorly understood. By solving crystal structures of TTL in complex with tubulin, we here demonstrate that TTL binds to the α and β subunits of tubulin and recognizes the curved conformation of the dimer. Biochemical and cellular assays revealed that specific tubulin dimer recognition controls the activity of the enzyme, and as a consequence, neuronal development. The TTL-tubulin structure further illustrates how the enzyme binds the functionally crucial C-terminal tail sequence of α-tubulin and how this interaction catalyzes the tyrosination reaction. It also reveals how TTL discriminates between α- and β-tubulin, and between different post-translationally modified forms of α-tubulin. Together, our data suggest that TTL has specifically evolved to recognize and modify tubulin, thus highlighting a fundamental role of the evolutionary conserved tubulin tyrosination cycle in regulating the microtubule cytoskeleton.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tubulin alpha-1B chainA, C450Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P81947 (Bos taurus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P81947
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tubulin beta-2B chainB, D445Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TUBB2B
Find proteins for Q6B856 (Bos taurus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q6B856
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Stathmin-4E143Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Stmn4
Find proteins for P63043 (Rattus norvegicus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P63043
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TUBULIN TYROSINE LIGASE, TTLF384Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TTL
Find proteins for E1BQ43 (Gallus gallus)
Explore E1BQ43 
Go to UniProtKB:  E1BQ43
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GTP
Query on GTP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], Q [auth C]GUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
XKMLYUALXHKNFT-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GDP
Query on GDP

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L [auth B], T [auth D]GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ADP
Query on ADP

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Y [auth F]ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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O [auth B], P [auth B]2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Z [auth F]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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I [auth A], K [auth A], N [auth B], S [auth C]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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J [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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H [auth A], M [auth B], R [auth C], U [auth D], V [auth D], W [auth F], X [auth F]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.170 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 104.52α = 90
b = 157.31β = 90
c = 180.99γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
RemDAqdata collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-02-20
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description