6HGL

Crystal structure of Alpha1-antichymotrypsin variant NewBG-III: a new binding globulin in complex with testosterone


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.92 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

NewBG: A surrogate corticosteroid-binding globulin with an unprecedentedly high ligand release efficacy.

Gardill, B.R.Schmidt, K.Muller, Y.A.

(2019) J.Struct.Biol. 207: 169-182

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2019.05.006
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The introduction of ligand-binding sites into proteins and the engineering of molecular allosteric coupling pathways are topical issues in protein design. Here, we show that these issues can be addressed concurrently, using the serpin human α1-antich ...

    The introduction of ligand-binding sites into proteins and the engineering of molecular allosteric coupling pathways are topical issues in protein design. Here, we show that these issues can be addressed concurrently, using the serpin human α1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) as a model. We have introduced up to 15 amino acid substitutions into ACT, converting it into a surrogate corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), thereby creating a new binding globulin (NewBG). Human CBG and ACT share 46% sequence identity, and CBG served as the blue-print for our design, which was guided by side-chain-packing calculations, ITC measurements and crystal structure determinations. Upon transfer of ligand-interacting residues from CBG to ACT and mutation of specific second shell residues, a NewBG variant was obtained, which binds cortisol with 1.5 µM affinity. This novel serpin (NewBG-III) binds cortisol with a 33-fold lower affinity than CBG, but shares a similar ligand-binding profile and binding mode when probed with different steroid ligands and site-directed mutagenesis. An additional substitution, i.e. A349R, created NewBG-III-allo, which introduced an allosteric coupling between ligand-binding and the serpin-like S-to-R transition in ACT. In NewBG-III-allo, the proteinase-triggered S-to-R transition leads to a greater than 200-fold reduction in ligand affinity, and crystal structures suggest that this is mediated by the L55V and A349R substitutions. This reduction significantly exceeds the 10-fold reduction in binding affinity observed in human CBG.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Biotechnology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Henkestr. 91, D-91052 Erlangen, Germany.,Division of Biotechnology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Henkestr. 91, D-91052 Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: yves.muller@fau.de.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-1-antichymotrypsin
A
369Homo sapiensMutation(s): 10 
Gene Names: SERPINA3 (AACT)
Find proteins for P01011 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SERPINA3
Go to UniProtKB:  P01011
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-1-antichymotrypsin
B
40Homo sapiensMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: SERPINA3 (AACT)
Find proteins for P01011 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SERPINA3
Go to UniProtKB:  P01011
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TES
Query on TES

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TESTOSTERONE
C19 H28 O2
MUMGGOZAMZWBJJ-DYKIIFRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.92 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 71.030α = 90.00
b = 76.940β = 90.00
c = 80.050γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
German Research FoundationGermanyGRK-1962

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-07-31
    Type: Data collection, Database references