6ADW

Crystal structure of the Zika virus NS3 helicase (apo form)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystallographic Snapshots of the Zika Virus NS3 Helicase Help Visualize the Reactant Water Replenishment.

Fang, J.Jing, X.Lu, G.Xu, Y.Gong, P.

(2019) ACS Infect Dis 5: 177-183

  • DOI: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.8b00214
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Zika virus (ZIKV), a positive-strand RNA virus belonging to the Flavivirus genus, has become an urgent public health concern since recent outbreaks worldwide. Its genome replication is facilitated by the viral NS3 protein bearing helicase function. T ...

    Zika virus (ZIKV), a positive-strand RNA virus belonging to the Flavivirus genus, has become an urgent public health concern since recent outbreaks worldwide. Its genome replication is facilitated by the viral NS3 protein bearing helicase function. The NS3 helicase uses energy derived from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis to unwind RNA duplexed regions. Structural studies of the flavivirus NS3 helicases have suggested a conserved mechanism of ATP hydrolysis. However, the process of the reactant water replenishment, a key part of the hydrolysis cycle, remains elusive. Here, we report two high-resolution crystal structures of ZIKV NS3 helicase in complex with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and Mn 2+ , one with the reactant water already loaded as previously observed and the other with the water molecule still in a loading state. These data suggest that the reactant water replenishment can occur between the release of phosphate and the release of ADP and improves the structural basis of the NS3 ATP hydrolysis cycle.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medicine , University of Wisconsin-Madison , 3341 Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Dr. , Madison , Wisconsin 53706 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry, Section for Chemical Life Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.,Perelman School of Medicine, United States.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Department of Biological Chemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Clark Center, Stanford, CA, 94305-5345, USA. rashed.chowdhury@stanford.edu.,Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia.,CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Microbiology, Immunobiology and Genetics, Max F Perutz Laboratories, Center of Molecular Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna Biocenter, Vienna, Austria.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK. Electronic address: ivan.ahel@path.ox.ac.uk.,Small Molecule Screening Facility, Carbone Cancer Center , University of Wisconsin-Madison , 1111Highland Ave. , Madison , Wisconsin 53705 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC) , Département de Biologie Structurale et Génomique , 1 rue Laurent Fries , BP10142, 67404 Illkirch , France.,The Joint Center of Translational Precision Medicine, Wuhan Institute of Virology , Chinese Academy of Sciences , No. 44 Xiao Hong Shan , Wuhan , Hubei , 430071 , China.,Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, LISM, IMM FR3479, Marseille, France.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, 113-0033 Tokyo, Japan.,INSERM U1163 and CNRS 8254, Imagine Institute, Université Paris Saclay, 91190 Paris, France.,Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Molecular Engineering of Education Ministry, Institute of Molecular Science , Shanxi University , Taiyuan 030006 , China.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. michelet@ibpc.fr.,Wolfson Laboratories, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, SW7 2AZ London, United Kingdom; j.yu@imperial.ac.uk p.nixon@imperial.ac.uk.,Developmental Therapeutics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, United States.,Department of Medicine, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA.,Molecular & Metabolic Oncology, University of South Alabama Mitchell Cancer Institute, Mobile, Alabama.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.,Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-Ku, Furocho Nagoya, Japan.,Pittsburgh Center for HIV Protein Interactions, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.,Department of Life Sciences and National Institute of Biotechnology in the Negev Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: geulad@bgu.ac.il.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States.,KU Leuven, Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Biocrystallography, Herestraat 49 BOX 822, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poznań, Poland.,Department of Chemistry , State University of New York at Albany , Albany , New York 12222 , United States.,Department of Physics and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.,Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, People's Republic of China.,Institut des Biomolécules Max Mousseron, UMR 5247, Université Montpellier - CNRS, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095, Montpellier Cedex 5, France.,5Present Address: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.,Key Laboratory of Pesticide & Chemical Biology of Ministry of Education, International Joint Research Center for Intelligent Biosensor Technology and Health, Chemical Biology Center, College of Chemistry, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China.,Department of Pathology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.,Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne 3052, Victoria, Australia, and martin.scanlon@monash.edu.,Institute of Translational Medicine, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow 117997, Russia.,KU Leuven, Department of Chemistry, Molecular Design and Synthesis, Celestijnenlaan 200F BOX 2404, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.,Centre for Advanced Imaging, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Soon Chun Hyang University, Asan 31538, Korea, and.,National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY 10027.,Discovery and Preclinical Research Division, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.,Division of Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan.,Protein Structure Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, CNRS-UMR 8229 , Collège De France , 11 place Marcelin Berthelot , Paris 75231 Cedex 05 , France.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Discovery and Preclinical Research Division, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. matsuken@taiho.co.jp.,Institute of Biophysics, Johannes Kepler University, Linz 4020, Austria.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-970, Brazil and.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address: dcwang@ibp.ac.cn.,the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1165, Denmark.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 8000, Denmark.,Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.,Department of Antibody Engineering, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Key Laboratory of High Magnetic Field and Ion Beam Physical Biology, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China.,Institute for Microbiology and Genetics, Georg-August University Göttingen, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11, 37077, Göttingen, Germany.,Promega Corporation, 2800 Woods Hollow Road, Madison, WI 53711, USA.,Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104; ckrebs@psu.edu megamatt@sas.upenn.edu aus40@psu.edu jmb21@psu.edu bda3@psu.edu akb20@psu.edu.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Equipe labellisée Ligue Contre le Cancer, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, 67404, France. gabor.papai@igbmc.fr.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College, 30 Park Street, Kolkata 700016, India. Electronic address: jhimli@sxccal.edu.,Institut für Biologie, Strukturbiologie/Biochemie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany.,Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, 13125 Berlin, Germany; heinemann@mdc-berlin.de turgay@ifmb.uni-hannover.de oschkinat@fmp-berlin.de.,Center for Nanoscale Systems, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Laboratoire des biomolécules, LBM, Département de chimie , École normale supérieure, PSL University, Sorbonne Université, CNRS , 75005 Paris , France.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics , Kansas State University , Manhattan , Kansas 66506 , United States.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Division of Hematology/Oncology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,IRCCS SDN, Via Emanuele Gianturco 113, Napoli, Italy.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.,Department of Dermatology, Aarhus University Hospital, P.P. Oerumsgade 11, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,Dip. di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. beatrice.vallone@uniroma1.it.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London, UK.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences University of Milan viaMangiagalli 25 20133 Milan Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing, 100084 China.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701.,Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, and Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea; Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea.,19010 33rd Avenue Northeast, Seattle, Washington 98155, United States.,Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Lichtenbergstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany.,the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada and.,Department of Chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,School of Molecular Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.,d State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center and Healthy Food Evaluation Research Center , Sichuan University , Chengdu , P.R. China.,Department of Molecular Biology, Area of Microbiology, University of León, 24071 León, Spain; luis.mateos@unileon.es joris.messens@vib-vub.be.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Institute of Molecular Pharmacy, Pharmazentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland. andrea.prota@psi.ch.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: bwhan@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,Therapeutic Target Discovery Branch, Division of Precision Medicine, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biomedical Research, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA. kapplerj@njhealth.org shaodong.dai@ucdenver.edu.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, miaoclo@umich.edu.,KU Leuven, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Medicinal Chemistry, Herestraat 49 BOX 1030, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven, Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Biocrystallography, Herestraat 49 BOX 822, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,New Drug Development Center, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation, Daegu, Republic of Korea.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Solna, Sweden.,Life Science Research Center, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China.,College of Life Sciences , Zhejiang Sci-Tech University , Hangzhou 310018 , China.,National Cancer Institute , Bethesda , Maryland 20892 , United States.,Bacterial Cell Biology and Physiology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Danish Research Institute of Translational Neuroscience - DANDRITE, Nordic-EMBL Partnership for Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10C, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA. Michael.Acker@novartis.com.,Heart Failure Discovery Performance Unit, Metabolic Pathways and Cardiovascular Therapeutic Area, and Platform Technology and Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406, United States.,Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.,Swiss Light Source (SLS) , Paul-Scherrer-Institute (PSI) , 5232 Villigen , Switzerland.,St Vincent's Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Australia. jscott@svi.edu.au.,Department of Biochemical Sciences "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.,School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad , Hyderabad 500046, India.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Key Laboratory of Bioactive Natural Product Research and State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. hchuanlong@163.com.,Bioorganic Chemistry and Bio-Crystallography laboratory (B(2)Cl), Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Piazza Università 5, 39100 Bolzano, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.benini@unibz.it.,Neuroscience Initiative, CUNY Advanced Science Research Center, 85 St. Nicholas Terrace, 10031, New York, USA.,Department of Pharmacology Vanderbilt, University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 37232.,Department of Pharmacology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Department of Epigenetics and Molecular Carcinogenesis, Center for Cancer Epigenetics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA. xiaobing.shi@vai.org.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. lemaire@ibpc.fr.,Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, 215 Spring Street, Melbourne 3000, Australia. jscott@svi.edu.au.,Discipline of Pharmacology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.,Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Tsushima-naka, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan.,The Joint Center of Translational Precision Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, No. 318 Renminzhonglu , Guangzhou , Guangdong 510623 , China.,Infection and Immunity Program and The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Key Laboratory of Bioactive Natural Product Research and State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. zhaoyucheng1986@126.com.,Department of BioMedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada. michele.loewen@nrc.ca.,Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Life Sciences and Technology, Beuth University of Applied Sciences, Berlin 13353, Germany.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: fgutman@bgu.ac.il.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia. Electronic address: ke@wehi.edu.au.,Single Molecule Imaging Group, MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences, London W12 0NN, UK. david.rueda@imperial.ac.uk d.wigley@imperial.ac.uk.,Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, S.S. 14 Km 163.5 in Area Science Park, Basovizza, Trieste 34149, Italy.,Department of Chemistry, 1102 Natural Sciences II, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-2025, USA. cdv@uci.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Marquette University , Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, United States.,Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie, 13125 Berlin, Germany; heinemann@mdc-berlin.de turgay@ifmb.uni-hannover.de oschkinat@fmp-berlin.de.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.,Scripps Research Institute, United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA. Electronic address: djtaylor@buffalo.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Department of Pharmacy, Daegu Catholic University, Gyeongbuk 38430, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jsunkim@chonnam.ac.kr.,Ruhr-University of Bochum , Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Biomolecular NMR , Bochum 44780 , Germany.,Bio-Pharmaceutical Analysis Section (Bio-PhASe), Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Belmeloro 6, 40126 Bologna, Italy. daniele.tedesco@unibo.it.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Electronic address: bjorkman@caltech.edu.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Riia 23B, Tartu, 51010, Estonia. Electronic address: jremme@ut.ee.,From the Department Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany and.,Center for Quantitative Biology, Peking University, Beijing, China. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.,Department of Science, University Roma Tre, Italy.,Life Sciences Institute, and.,The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Parkville 3052, Australia. jscott@svi.edu.au.,UPMC UMRS CR7-CNRS ERL 8255-INSERM U1135 Centre d'Immunologie et des Maladies Infectieuses. Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: sewonsuh@snu.ac.kr.,UCB, 208 Bath Road, Slough SL1 3WE, United Kingdom.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. yifan.cheng@ucsf.edu.,MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: zefangwang@tju.edu.cn.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Structural Biology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion , Stiftstraße 34-36 , 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr , Germany.,Slovenian NMR Center, National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101, Beijing, China. xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. yifan.cheng@ucsf.edu.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.,School of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry Unit, University of Camerino, Italy.,Department of Chemistry, The University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia; l.rash@uq.edu.au glenn.king@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cyprus, P. O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. kalogirou.andreas@ucy.ac.cy.,The Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK. christopher.schofield@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Focal Area Structural Biology, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Radioisotope Research Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa-Ku, Furocho, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.,Interdisciplinary Research Center on Biology and Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201210, China. liulab@sioc.ac.cn.,Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Marseille Protéomique, Marseille, France.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.,Center for Molecular and Genetic Engineering (CBMEG), University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz, Avenida Cândido Rondon 400, P. O. Box 6010, 13083-875 Campinas, São Paulo 13083-886, Brazil. rafaelcounago@gmail.com.,the Dalton Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-970, Brazil.,Dept.of Biochem., Chem. and Pharmacol., Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, United States.,School of Life Sciences, KNU Creative BioResearch Group, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.,Cornell University, United States.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. Electronic address: cbasler@gsu.edu.,Department of Biological Chemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Chemistry, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences , Newcastle University , Bedson Building , Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU , U.K.,Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie, 13125 Berlin, Germany.,Polyphor Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland.,Centre Algatech, Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 37981 Třeboň, Czech Republic.,CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230027, China. sunlf17@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of BioMedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.,Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. mirko.zaffagnini3@unibo.it.,Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, United States.,Biochemistry Department, University of Missouri, 117 Schweitzer Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland. tobias.muehlethaler@psi.ch.,Génomique Métabolique, Genoscope, Institut François Jacob, CEA, CNRS, Univ Evry, Université Paris-Saclay, 91057, Evry, France. anne.zaparucha@genoscope.cns.fr.,BioCeV - Institute of Physiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vestec, Czech Republic.,Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.,Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, United States.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, 70211 Kuopio, Finland. tuomo.laitinen@uef.fi.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, England.,Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; BioCeV - Institute of Physiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vestec, Czech Republic.,Structural and Chemical Biology Department. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain. marian@cib.csic.es.,Oncovir, Inc., Washington, DC 20008.,Structural Genomics Consortium, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. david.drewry@unc.edu.,Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.,State Key Laboratory of Virology, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China.,Interdisciplinary Research Center on Biology and Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201210, China.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Discovery Technologies, Bldg 92, 4070, Basel, Switzerland.,Amsterdam Institute of Molecules, Medicines and Systems, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands s.luirink@vu.nl jyl@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , Novartis Campus , CH-4056 Basel , Switzerland.,Dip. di Chimica "Ugo Schiff", Università di Firenze, Via delle Lastruccia 3-13, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland.,LCM, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique , Université Paris-Saclay , 91128 Palaiseau Cedex , France.,Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: radhika@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic Molecular Physics, Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430071, China. yang_yh@wipm.ac.cn.,Department of Biological Chemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Stephen_Blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,Key Laboratory of Bioactive Natural Product Research and State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. cpu_lykong@126.com.,a Department of Dermatology , Affiliated Hospital, Southwest Medical University , Luzhou , China.,c School of Life Science and Engineering , Southwest Jiaotong University , Chengdu , P.R. China.,Department of Cell & Developmental Biology, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, 97074, Germany.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: bshaanan@bgu.ac.il.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.,CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO), Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, 91190, France.,Molecular Cellular Biology Department, University of California, Davis, United States.,Plexxikon Inc., Berkeley, California.,Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dip. di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: zhanglei@tju.edu.cn.,Infection and Immunity Program and The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: richard.berry@monash.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry and iNANO, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 14, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs, Cleveland, Ohio, USA krisztina.papp@va.gov robert.bonomo@va.gov.,Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.,Faculty of Medicine, School of Biomedical Sciences , The University of Queensland , Brisbane , Queensland 4072 , Australia.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China. xufei@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America.,Humabs BioMed SA, a Subsidiary of Vir Biotechnology, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School , Newcastle University , Paul O'Gorman Building, Framlington Place , Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH , U.K.,Centre de Biochimie Structurale CNRS, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm 10691, Sweden.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ezeg@korea.ac.kr.,Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, 215 Spring Street, Melbourne 3000, Australia. joakhill@svi.edu.au.,Department of Biochemistry University of Bayreuth Universitaetsstr. 30 95447 Bayreuth Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, 13125 Berlin, Germany.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, 128, Academia Road, Sec. 2, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, China.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101, Beijing, China.,Structural and Chemical Biology Department. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain. fer@cib.csic.es.,Protein Purification Core, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, China; State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, 10123 Turin, Italy.,Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, P.P. Oerumsgade 11, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. lars.iversen@clin.au.dk.,Center for Quantitative Biology, Peking University, Beijing, China.,Pandion Therapeutics, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Nuclear Signalling Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama 1-1, Toyonaka, Japan.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: jeichler@bgu.ac.il.,Sidney Kimmel Medical College, United States.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.,the State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.,Photobiology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology , Ruhr University Bochum , Universitätsstr. 150 , 44801 Bochum , Germany.,ETH Zürich, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland. karl-heinz.altmann@pharma.ethz.ch.,State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic Molecular Physics, Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430071, China. ht210@wipm.ac.cn.,Single Molecule Imaging Group, MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences, London W12 0NN, UK.,Cayman Chemical Co., Ann Arbor, MI 48108, USA.,Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. cbfa@biomed.au.dk.,UCB, 208 Bath Road, Slough SL1 3WE, United Kingdom gill.holdsworth@ucb.com.,State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Therapeutic Target Discovery Branch, Division of Precision Medicine, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea; Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hskim@ncc.re.kr.,São Carlos Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.,Center for Structural Biology, Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, 98109, USA.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,From the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology and mdc12@le.ac.uk.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Equipe labellisée Ligue Contre le Cancer, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, 67404, France.,Department of Pathology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics and Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory , Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States.,Department of Plant Sciences , School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad , Gachibowli, Hyderabad , India.,Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.,Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology , University of Wisconsin-Madison , 4203 Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Dr. , Madison , Wisconsin 53706 , United States.,Division of Cell Signaling and Immunology and University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee, DD1 5EH, UK.,Xtal BioStructures Inc., Natick, MA 01760, USA.,Ruhr-University of Bochum , Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Physical Chemistry I , Bochum 44780 , Germany.,Intel Parallel Computing Center for Structural Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.,Department of Pediatric Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: wangx472@umn.edu.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, 800 East Leigh Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA.,Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.,The Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK. rashed.chowdhury@stanford.edu.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Beijing, 100084 China.,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie , Université de Bordeaux-CNRS UMR 5248, CBMN , 2, rue Robert Escarpit , 33607 Pessac , France.,Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland. daniel.ritz@idorsia.com.,Amsterdam Institute of Molecules, Medicines and Systems, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Department of Animal, Plant, and Soil Sciences, School of Life Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, AgriBio, The Centre for AgriBioscience , La Trobe University , Bundoora , Victoria 3086 Australia.,Structural and Chemical Biology Department. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain. jeg@cib.csic.es.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Institute of Biochemical Sciences, National (Taiwan) University, 1, Roosevelt Road Sec. 4, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.,Department of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China.,From the Chemical Biology Program.,Center for Theragnosis, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, 67404, France.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland.,The Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK.,ETH Zurich, Department of Biology, Zurich, Switzerland.,MacCHESS, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States.,Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China. linlinying@hotmail.com ywlin@usc.edu.cn.,BioCeV - Institute of Physiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vestec, Czech Republic. Electronic address: veronika.obsilova@fgu.cas.cz.,Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College, 30 Park Street, Kolkata 700016, India; Department of Cellular and Physiology, UBC 2350 Health Sciences Mall Vancouver, BC V6T1Z3, Canada.,Idorsia Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland.,California Nanosystems Institute , University of California, Los Angeles , Los Angeles , California 90095 , United States.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; zzhuang@udel.edu ytong@uwindsor.ca.,Section of Structural Biology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. david.rueda@imperial.ac.uk d.wigley@imperial.ac.uk.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory (LNBio), Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas, Brazil.,Fisheries College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, 524025 Guangdong, China.,From the State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical Engineering, School of Life Science and Biotechnology and School of Software, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China, qingyang@dlut.edu.cn.,National Research Council of Canada, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0R6, Canada.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Università della Svizzera italiana, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Thomas Jefferson University , 233 South 10th Street , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania 19107 , United States.,Macromolecular Crystallography Research Center, National Institute of Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: anshahar@bgu.ac.il.,Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.,Department of Biochemistry , Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , 2215 Garland Avenue, 607 Light Hall , Nashville , Tennessee 37232-0146 , United States.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom s.luirink@vu.nl jyl@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Inserm U955, Equipe 12 Créteil 94000 France.,Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstr. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany.,a Division of Biochemical Sciences, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory , Pune , India.,IMB Centre for Pain Research, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.,IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular Universidade do Porto, Portugal.,From the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory and mario.murakami@ctbe.cnpem.br.,University of Chinese, Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Plant Biodiversity Research , Technical University of Munich , 85354 , Freising , Germany.,Department of Radiation Oncology, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers , The State University of New Jersey , New Brunswick , New Jersey 08901 , United States.,From the Departments of Agricultural Biotechnology and bae@snu.ac.kr.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands. b.j.c.janssen@uu.nl.,Danish Research Institute of Translational Neuroscience - DANDRITE, Nordic-EMBL Partnership for Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10C, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. pn@mbg.au.dk.,EMBL Australia Node, Single Molecule Science, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.,b Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital , Sichuan University , Chengdu , P.R. China.,National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. zengzx@mail.hzau.edu.cn.,Institut für Mikrobiologie, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany; heinemann@mdc-berlin.de turgay@ifmb.uni-hannover.de oschkinat@fmp-berlin.de.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China. youdong_mao@dfci.harvard.edu.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Victoria, Australia.,Istituto di Biochimica e Biochimica Clinica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.,MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection (CMBI), Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.,4Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 USA.,Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Institute of Biomembranes and Bioenergetics , National Research Council , Via Amendola 165/A , 70126 Bari , Italy.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States.,St Vincent's Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Australia. joakhill@svi.edu.au.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China. huangzhiwei@hit.edu.cn.,School of Medicine and Life Science, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210046, China.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, 67404, Illkirch, France. patrick.schultz@igbmc.fr.,Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. Daniel.wilson@chemie.uni-hamburg.de.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, Napoli, Italy. luigi.vitagliano@unina.it.,Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, AFMB, Marseille, France.,Institute for Cardiovascular Physiology, Georg August University Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen, Germany.,Institute of Organic Chemistry at Leopold Franzens University, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics , University of California, Los Angeles , Los Angeles , California 90095 , United States.,From the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology and lw83@le.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, 800 East Leigh Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA.,Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854; fanshilong@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn nanda@cabm.rutgers.edu feixu@jiangnan.edu.cn.,The Armenise-Harvard Laboratory of Structural Biology, Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9/A, 27100 Pavia, Italy.,Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR47UH, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: bh6@columbia.edu.,From the Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 wilson5@niehs.nih.gov.,From the Department Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany and wulf.blankenfeldt@helmholtz-hzi.de.,Research Group of Microbiology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Faculty of Agriculture, Attached Promotive Center for International Education and Research of Agriculture , Kyushu University , Fukuoka 812-8581 , Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, 80045, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester LE1 7HB, United Kingdom and.,Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Bioorganic Chemistry and Bio-Crystallography laboratory (B(2)Cl), Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Piazza Università 5, 39100 Bolzano, Italy.,Protein Crystallography, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology , Ruhr University Bochum , Universitätsstr. 150 , 44801 Bochum , Germany.,From the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Danish-Chinese Centre for Proteases and Cancer, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10C, Aarhus 8000, Denmark, jkj@mbg.au.dk.,Institute of Cellular and Molecular Radiobiology, Institut François Jacob, CEA, Universités Paris Diderot and Paris-Sud, Fontenay aux Roses, France.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.,Brussels Center for Redox Biology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, The University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Victoria, Australia, b.heras@latrobe.edu.au.,Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.,the Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, 3-1-1 Minato-cho, Hakodate, Hokkaido 041-8611, Japan, and.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4102, Australia.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, U.K.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: dak@gene.com.,Mouse Cancer Genetics Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton, CT 06340.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Departments of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Neurochemistry, Arrhenius Laboratories for Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. william.zuercher@unc.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. ejs@princeton.edu.,Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA crp3@cornell.edu.,Biophysics Facility, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.,Gene Center, Department of Biochemistry and Center for integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPSM), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, The Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.,From the State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemical Engineering, School of Life Science and Biotechnology and School of Software, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49503, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716; zzhuang@udel.edu ytong@uwindsor.ca.,the Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516, Caparica, Portugal.,Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.,National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.,Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.,Université de Strasbourg , CNRS, Architecture et Réactivité de l'ARN, UPR 9002, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS , 15 rue René Descartes , F-67000 Strasbourg , France.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Riia 23B, Tartu, 51010, Estonia.,Infection and Immunity Program and The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. Electronic address: jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK g.l.challis@warwick.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China. guoyumeng@shsmu.edu.cn.,Intel Parallel Computing Center for Structural Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Center for Biostatistics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125; timothy_wannier@hms.harvard.edu steve@mayo.caltech.edu.,BioTechMed-Graz, Austria.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA. mr@purdue.edu.,Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS) University of Milan viaCeloria 2 20133 Milan Italy.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing 102206, China.,Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.,School of Medicine and Dentistry , University of Rochester Medical Center , 601 Elmwood Ave. , Rochester , New York 14620 , United States.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.,Post Graduation Program in Biosciences and Technology of Bioactive Products, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.,Institute of Molecular Enzymology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, China.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Chemistry, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, USA.,MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom.,Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.,LOEWE Center for Synthetic Microbiology, Philipps University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein Strasse 6, Marburg 35032, Germany.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Institute for Clinical Medicine , University of Oslo , P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424 Oslo , Norway.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China.,College of Food Science & Nutritional Engineering , China Agricultural University , Beijing 100083 , China.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.,Key Laboratory of Anhui Province for High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Hefei 230031, China.,Departments of Molecular & Cellular Physiology and Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Clinic for Laboratory Medicine , Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet , P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424 Oslo , Norway.,INSERM U944, Institute of Hematology, St. Louis Hospital, 75010 Paris, France.,Department of Molecular Biology, Area of Microbiology, University of León, 24071 León, Spain.,MRC, Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, U.K.,Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Argonne National Laboratory, Cornell University, Argonne, Illinois.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Cintia, Napoli, Italy.,Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, 67404, France. patrick.schultz@igbmc.fr.,Department of Biotechnology, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of Biosciences, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.,Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China; fanshilong@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn nanda@cabm.rutgers.edu feixu@jiangnan.edu.cn.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. Stephen_Blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Cell and Developmental Biology , Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , Nashville , Tennessee 37232 , United States.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada.,Business Development Department, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kandanishiki-cho, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Hematology and Oncology , Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , Nashville , Tennessee 37232 , United States.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA.,Leidos Biomedical Research , Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research , Frederick , Maryland 21701 , United States.,UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Jeff.Bluestone@ucsf.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Missouri, One University Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63121, USA.,Department of Chemistry "Giacomo Ciamician", University of Bologna, via Selmi 2, 40126 Bologna, Italy. simona.fermani@unibo.it.,Dip. di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Department of Chemistry, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZD, U.K.,High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China.,Istituto Pasteur Italia-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Rome, Italy.,Innovation Plaza, Integrated Product Development Organization , Dr. Reddy's Laboratory, Hyderabad 500090, India.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Graz 8010, Austria.,Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin, China.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Università della Svizzera italiana, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland; jmascola@nih.gov lanzavecchia@irb.usi.ch pdkwong@nih.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Philipps University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein Strasse 4, Marburg 35032, Germany.,Medical Research Council Protein Phosphorylation Unit, School of Life Sciences, Wellcome Trust Building, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee, DD1 5EH, UK.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,the Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94110.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Hematology, Hôpital Necker, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, University Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. chris.asquith@unc.edu.,Structural and Chemical Biology Department. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain. pacobal@cib.csic.es.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Loyola University Chicago; Maywood, IL, United States of America.,Centre de Génomique Fonctionnelle Bordeaux, Université Bordeaux, F-33076, Bordeaux, France.,Department of Chemistry, Box 1134, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.,Laboratorium für Organische Chemie, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 3, HCI, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115; wu@crystal.harvard.edu Tianmin.Fu@childrens.harvard.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,i3S - Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Porto, Portugal.,Drug Discovery and Design Center, CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research , Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai 201203 , China.,National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. wangnana@webmail.hzau.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: lzipursky@mednet.ucla.edu.,College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.,State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Rega Institute and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-886, Brazil. phgodoi@yahoo.com.,ESRF, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 71 Avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble CS 40220, France.,From the Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology and.,Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College, 30 Park Street, Kolkata 700016, India.,Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Biologie et Signalisation Cellulaire, ESBS , UMR7242 CNRS/Université de Strasbourg , Bld S. Brant , 67412 Illkirch Cedex , France.,Macromolecular Diffraction Facility, Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (MacCHESS) , Cornell University , 161 Synchrotron Drive , Ithaca , New York 14853 , United States.,Centers for Therapeutic Innovation, Pfizer Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, 67404, Illkirch, France. gabor.papai@igbmc.fr.,Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.,Genentech, United States.,Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, LISM, IMM FR3479, Marseille, France. Electronic address: stephane.canaan@imm.cnrs.fr.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science , Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) , P.O. Box 5003, 1432 Ås , Norway.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,the Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica (iBET), Apartado 12, 2780-901 Oeiras, Portugal.,Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. stephen.nishimura@ucsf.edu.,INSERM U1163 and CNRS 8254, Imagine Institute, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.,Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, 20814-4799, USA.,School of Pharmacy , Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine , 1200 Cailun Road , Shanghai 201203 , China.,Division of Infectious Diseases, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy/Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, West China Hospitals, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Biocenter, Faculty of Biology, Genetics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), 82152, Martinsried, Germany.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.,Department of Picobiology/Life Science, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo, 678-1297, Japan.,Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 03760, Republic of Korea.,Sheffield Cancer Centre, Department of Oncology and Metabolism, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK.,Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269.,Structural Genomics Consortium, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. tim.willson@unc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry & Biomedical Sciences, Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4970, USA.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology and Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.,School of Natural and Environmental Science, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England.,School of Chemistry and Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.,Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. fwagner@broadinstitute.org kimberly_stegmaier@dfci.harvard.edu.,Enteric Diseases Department, Infectious Diseases Directorate, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD, 20910-7500, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G2, Canada.,São Carlos Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: richard@ifsc.usp.br.,From the Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1258, 67404, Illkirch, France. patrick.schultz@igbmc.fr.,Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.,Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.,Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, United States.,Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, San Francisco, CA, USA. Jeff.Bluestone@ucsf.edu.,Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.,Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research, Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,Department of Infection and Immunity, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Center for Structural Biology, Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium; luis.mateos@unileon.es joris.messens@vib-vub.be.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, NE-CAT, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America.,Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dip. di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. beatrice.vallone@uniroma1.it.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Université Paris Est Faculté de Médecine Créteil 94000 France.,Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.,Cornell College, Mt. Vernon, IA 52314, USA; Industrial Macromolecular Crystallography Association-Collaborative Access Team, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA.,Center for Cancer and Cell Biology, Innovation and Integration Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,Institut für Mikrobiologie, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-886, Brazil. rafaelcounago@gmail.com.,Electron Bio-Imaging Centre, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, UK.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia. Electronic address: strasser@wehi.edu.au.,National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, Napoli, Italy.,Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. rosa.lapalombella@osumc.edu john.byrd@osumc.edu.,The RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sato-gun, Hyogo, 678-5248, Japan.,Molecular Virology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK.,School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi 110067, India.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. Electronic address: lidefeng@im.ac.cn.,IMB Centre for Pain Research, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia. r.lewis@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: dwleung@wustl.edu.,Synchrotron SOLEIL, L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, 91192, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Departments of Chemistry and Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1550 Linden Drive, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49503, USA. xiaobing.shi@vai.org.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4970, USA.,Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, P.P. Oerumsgade 11, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,From the Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier (ITQB-NOVA), Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. da República (EAN), 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.,Department of Oncology, The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins , The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , Baltimore , Maryland 21287 , United States.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Waksman Institute and Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, 67404, France. gabor.papai@igbmc.fr.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK; Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki Hashikamicho, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto, Japan.,Research Centre for Drugs & Diagnostics, Parasitology Department, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, L3 5QA, U.K.,Key Laboratory of Bioactive Natural Product Research and State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. szwcpu@163.com.,Leiden Institute of Chemistry , Leiden University , Einsteinweg 55 , Leiden 2333CC , The Netherlands.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Russ Berrie Pavilion, Columbia University Medical Center, 1150 St Nicholas Ave, 10032, New York, USA.,Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, ncjs@mail.ubc.ca.,Waksman Institute and Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA. ebright@waksman.rutgers.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. freisinger@chem.uzh.ch.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4970, USA. Sudha.chakrapani@case.edu.,3Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 China.,National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan. Electronic address: adachi.motoyasu@qst.go.jp.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. fwagner@broadinstitute.org kimberly_stegmaier@dfci.harvard.edu.,Molecular, Cellular, and Integrative Biosciences Graduate Program, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China. xufei@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Applied and Industrial Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of Biosciences, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4970, USA. Sudha.chakrapani@case.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel.,the Centre for Blood Research, and.,University of Basel, Biozentrum, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. michel.steinmetz@psi.ch.,Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Applied Biological Chemistry and.,Department of Life Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, 6 Diogenis Str., Engomi, P. O. Box 22006, 1516 Nicosia, Cyprus. kalogirou.andreas@ucy.ac.cy.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University, West Haven, CT, USA.,Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Vanderbilt University, United States.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Equipe labellisée Ligue Contre le Cancer, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, 67404, France. patrick.schultz@igbmc.fr.,Department of Medicine , Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center , Nashville , Tennessee 37232 , United States.,Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety , Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , No. 44 Xiao Hong Shan , Wuhan , Hubei 430071 , China.,Department of Structural Biology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences , University at Buffalo , Buffalo , New York 14203-1102 , United States.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1258, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Unidad de Proteómica. Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, CNIC. Melchor Fernández de Almagro 3, 28029 Madrid, Spain. ecalvo@cnic.es.,Department of Life Sciences and National Institute of Biotechnology in the Negev Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: zarivach@bgu.ac.il.,From the Departments of Agricultural Biotechnology and.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Science and Technology, University of Sannio, via Port'Arsa 11, Benevento, Italy.,Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Loyola University Chicago , 1068 West Sheridan Road, Chicago, Illinois 60626, United States.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, California Institute of Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai International University, Togane City, Chiba, Japan.,Quantum Beam Science Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan.,Max Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, 82152, Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London, UK. h.low@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; BioCeV - Institute of Physiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vestec, Czech Republic. Electronic address: obsil@natur.cuni.cz.,Wolfson Laboratories, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, SW7 2AZ London, United Kingdom.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China.,Celgene Corporation , 10300 Campus Point Drive, Suite 100 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,From the Chemical Biology Program, duxins@umich.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan.,Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, USA. mooberry@uthscsa.edu.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia. Electronic address: avoss@wehi.edu.au.,Janssen Research & Development, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic Molecular Physics, Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430071, China.,Shanghai Institute of Immunology and Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, VARI-SIMM Center, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.,Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China.,Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland. michel.steinmetz@psi.ch.,the Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116024, China, and.,Structural and Chemical Biology Department. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain. gimenezjf@cib.csic.es.,The ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,EN-FIST Center of Excellence, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia.,Department of Chemistry, Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, 128 Academia Road Sec. 2, Nankang, Taipei, 115, Taiwan.,CNR Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. beatrice.vallone@uniroma1.it.,Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.,KU Leuven, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Medicinal Chemistry, Herestraat 49 BOX 1030, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: arthur.vanaerschot@kuleuven.be.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 8410510, Israel. Electronic address: iditd@bgu.ac.il.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.,Industrial Macromolecular Crystallography Association-Collaborative Access Team, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA.,Department of Dermatology, Aarhus University Hospital, P.P. Oerumsgade 11, DK-8000, Aarhus C, Denmark. lars.iversen@clin.au.dk.,Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, USA.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Center for Theragnosis, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea; Division of Bio-Medical Science & Technology, KIST School, Korea University of Science and Technology, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hschung@kist.re.kr.,Department of Cancer and Inflammation, Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.,Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY16 9ST, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States.,Structural Biology and Biochemistry program, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi 110067, India sgourinath@mail.jnu.ac.in.,Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.,William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital , 2500 Overlook Terr. , Madison , Wisconsin 53705 , United States.,China Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , Shanghai 201203 , China.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Solna, Sweden. amunts@scilifelab.se.,High Pressure & Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India.,Department of Biomedical Research, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA.,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China.,Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Shinshu University, Minamiminowa, Nagano 399-4598, Japan.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100049 , China.,b Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR) , Pune , India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3083, Australia. Electronic address: M.Maher@latrobe.edu.au.,Shanghai ChemPartner Co., LTD , Building 5, 998 Halei Road , Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201203 , P.R. China.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.,CNRS, IBPS, Biology of Aging and Adaptation , Sorbonne Université , 7 quai Saint Bernard , Paris 7525 Cedex 05 , France.,the Marshall Center for Infectious Diseases Research and Training, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth 6907, Western Australia, Australia.,Department of Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,Chemical Synthesis Core, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology , Vanderbilt University , Nashville , Tennessee 37232 , United States.,The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, Hamburg 22761, Germany.,ICBAS - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal.,HIT Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.,Department of Chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; ckrebs@psu.edu megamatt@sas.upenn.edu aus40@psu.edu jmb21@psu.edu bda3@psu.edu akb20@psu.edu.,KU Leuven, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Medicinal Chemistry, Herestraat 49 BOX 1030, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 214122 Wuxi, China; fanshilong@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn nanda@cabm.rutgers.edu feixu@jiangnan.edu.cn.,Génomique Métabolique, Genoscope, Institut François Jacob, CEA, CNRS, Univ Evry, Université Paris-Saclay, 91057, Evry, France.,Department of Biosciences, Section for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Biosciences should be before Section for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.,Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. william.zuercher@unc.edu.,Duke Macromolecular Crystallography Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; ckrebs@psu.edu megamatt@sas.upenn.edu aus40@psu.edu jmb21@psu.edu bda3@psu.edu akb20@psu.edu.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. crozet@ibpc.fr.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK.,Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne 3052, Victoria, Australia, and.,From the Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier (ITQB-NOVA), Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. da República (EAN), 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal, louro@itqb.unl.pt.,Biomedical Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), 82152, Martinsried, Germany.,Medical Research Council Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.,CSIRO Manufacturing, Parkville, Victoria, Australia john.liu@csiro.au.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3083, Australia.,Department of Epigenetics and Molecular Carcinogenesis, Center for Cancer Epigenetics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.,St Vincent's Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy 3065, Australia. clangendorf@svi.edu.au.,Swiss-Norwegian Beam Lines, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology , St. Jude Children's Research Hospital , Memphis , Tennessee 38105 , United States.,Department of Metabolism and Redox Biology, Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Moscow 117997, Russia.,Department of Protein Engineering, Biologics Research, Sanofi, Bridgewater, New Jersey 08807.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, Napoli, Italy. alessia.ruggiero@unina.it.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1258, 67404, Illkirch, France. gabor.papai@igbmc.fr.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Bioinformatics Graduate Program, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854.,Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,KNU Institute for Microorganisms, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. julien.henri@sorbonne-universite.fr.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cyprus, P. O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. koutenti@ucy.ac.cy.,Northwestern Synchrotron Research Center-LS-CAT, Northwestern University, Argonne, IL, United States of America.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, Scripps Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biochemistry Department, University of Missouri, 117 Schweitzer Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. Electronic address: beamerl@missouri.edu.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany. plitzko@biochem.mpg.de.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; jmascola@nih.gov lanzavecchia@irb.usi.ch pdkwong@nih.gov.,Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England.,CSIRO Manufacturing, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. Electronic address: lss8@columbia.edu.,Department of Plant Pathology and Nebraska Center for Virology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, 68583-0900, USA.,Bio-X Institutes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China. lidan2017@sjtu.edu.cn.,Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Macromolecular Crystallography (HZB-MX), Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, USA. risingera@uthscsa.edu.,Institute of Immunology, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.,the Department of Cancer and Inflammation, University of Southern Denmark, Odense 5230, Denmark, and.,From the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Danish-Chinese Centre for Proteases and Cancer, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10C, Aarhus 8000, Denmark.,Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,From the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory and.,Biocenter, Faculty of Biology, Genetics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), 82152, Martinsried, Germany. boshart@lmu.de.,Section of Structural Biology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, 50411, Tartu, Estonia.,Idorsia Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland. daniel.ritz@idorsia.com.,National Research Council of Canada, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0R6, Canada. michele.loewen@nrc.ca.,Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.,Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College, 30 Park Street, Kolkata 700016, India; Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, United States.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, China; State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,BioElectron Technology Corporation, Mountain View, CA, USA.,University of Illinois, Department of Chemistry, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 214122 Wuxi, China.,Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: jbailey7@jhmi.edu.,BIOLOG Life Science Institute, 28199, Bremen, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. chris.asquith@unc.edu.,CNR Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.,e Drug Research Center of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital , Southwest Medical University , Luzhou , China.,Eshelman School of Pharmacy , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , SGC Center for Chemical Biology, 120 Mason Farm Rd. , Chapel Hill , North Carolina 27599 , United States.,Division of Infectious Diseases, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg 79106, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Serine protease NS3
A
448Zika virusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q32ZE1 (Zika virus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q32ZE1
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EPE
Query on EPE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
HEPES
C8 H18 N2 O4 S
JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 53.532α = 90.00
b = 68.534β = 92.40
c = 56.883γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province of ChinaChina2016A030310249

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-03-13
    Type: Initial release