Structural insight into the recognition of pathogen-derived phosphoglycolipids by C-type lectin receptor DCAR.Omahdi, Z., Horikawa, Y., Nagae, M., Toyonaga, K., Imamura, A., Takato, K., Teramoto, T., Ishida, H., Kakuta, Y., Yamasaki, S.
(2020) J Biol Chem 295: 5807-5817
- PubMed: 32139512
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.012491
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
The C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) form a family of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize numerous pathogens, such as bacteria and fungi, and trigger innate immune responses. The extracellular carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of CL ...
The C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) form a family of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize numerous pathogens, such as bacteria and fungi, and trigger innate immune responses. The extracellular carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of CLRs forms a globular structure that can coordinate a Ca 2+ ion, allowing receptor interactions with sugar-containing ligands. Although well conserved, the CRD fold can also display differences that directly affect the specificity of the receptors for their ligands. Here, we report crystal structures at 1.8-2.3 Å resolutions of the CRD of murine d endritic c ell-immuno a ctivating r eceptor (DCAR/ Clec4b1 ), the only CLR that binds phosphoglycolipids such as acylated phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannosides (AcPIMs) of mycobacteria. Using mutagenesis analysis, we identified critical residues, Ala136 and Gln198, on the surface surrounding the ligand-binding site of DCAR, as well as an atypical Ca 2+ -binding motif (Glu-Pro-Ser/EPS 168-170 ). By chemically synthesizing a water-soluble ligand analog, inositol-monophosphate di-mannose (IPM2), we confirmed the direct interaction of DCAR with the polar moiety of AcPIMs by biolayer interferometry and co-crystallization approaches. We also observed a hydrophobic groove extending from the ligand-binding site that is in a suitable position to interact with the lipid portion of whole AcPIMs. These results suggest that the hydroxyl group-binding ability and hydrophobic groove of DCAR mediate its specific binding to pathogen-derived phosphoglycolipids such as mycobacterial AcPIMs.
Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Japan.