Aspergillus fumigatus Mitochondrial Acetyl Coenzyme A Acetyltransferase as an Antifungal Target.Zhang, Y., Wei, W., Fan, J., Jin, C., Lu, L., Fang, W.
(2020) Appl Environ Microbiol 86
- PubMed: 32005728
- DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02986-19
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Ergosterol plays an important role in maintaining cell membrane sterol homeostasis in fungi, and as such, is considered as an effective target in antifungal chemotherapy. In yeast, the enzyme acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (ERG10) catalyzes the Claisen ...
Ergosterol plays an important role in maintaining cell membrane sterol homeostasis in fungi, and as such, is considered as an effective target in antifungal chemotherapy. In yeast, the enzyme acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (ERG10) catalyzes the Claisen condensation of two acetyl-CoA molecules to acetoacetyl-CoA in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway and is reported critical for cell viability. Using yeast ERG10 for alignment, two orthologues Af ERG10A (AFUB_000550) and Af ERG10B (AFUB_083570) were discovered in opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus Despite the essentiality of Af ERG10B has been previously validated, the biological function of Af ERG10A remains unclear. In this study, we have characterized recombinant Af ERG10A as a functional acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase catalyzing both synthetic and degradative reactions. Unexpectedly, Af ERG10A localizes to mitochondria in A. fumigatus as shown by C -terminal GFP-tag fusion. Both knockout and inducible promoter strategies demonstrate that Aferg10A is essential for the survival of A. fumigatus Reduced expression of Aferg10A leads to severe morphological defects and increased susceptibility to oxidative and cell wall stresses. Although the catalytic mechanism of acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase family is highly conserved, the crystal structure of Af ERG10A and its complex with CoA are solved revealing four substitutions within the CoA binding site that are different from human orthologues. Taken together, our combination of genetic and structural studies demonstrates that mitochondrial Af ERG10A is essential for A. fumigatus cell viability and could be a potential drug target to feed antifungal drug development pipeline. Importance A growing number of people worldwide are suffering from invasive aspergillosis, caused by human opportunistic fungal pathogen A. fumigatus Current therapeutic options rely on limited repertoire of antifungals. Ergosterol is an essential component of the fungal cell membrane as well as a target of current antifungals. Approximately 20 enzymes are involved in ergosterol biosynthesis of which acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (ACAT) is the first enzyme. Two ACATs in A. fumigatus are Af Erg10A and Af Erg10B. However, the biological function of Af Erg10A is yet to be investigated. In this study, we showed that Af Erg10A is localized in the mitochondria, and is essential for A. fumigatus survival and morphological development. In combination with structural studies we validated Af Erg10A as a potential drug target that will facilitate the development of novel antifungals and improve the efficiency of existing drugs.
National Engineering Research Center for Non-Food Biorefinery, State Key Laboratory of Non-Food Biomass and Enzyme Technology, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Marine Natural Products and Combinatorial Biosynthesis Chemistry, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning, China email@example.com.