7LWY

TVV viral capsid protein

  • Classification: VIRAL PROTEIN
  • Organism(s): Trichomonas vaginalis virus 2
  • Mutation(s): No 

  • Deposited: 2021-03-02 Released: 2021-04-07 
  • Deposition Author(s): Zhou, Z.H., Stevens, A.W., Cui, Y.X., Johnson, P.J., Muratore, K.A.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH/NIDCR), National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID), National Institutes of Health/Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS), National Science Foundation (NSF, United States)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.00 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Atomic Structure of the Trichomonas vaginalis Double-Stranded RNA Virus 2.

Stevens, A.Muratore, K.Cui, Y.Johnson, P.J.Zhou, Z.H.

(2021) mBio 12

  • DOI: 10.1128/mBio.02924-20
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7LWY, 7M12

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Trichomonas vaginalis , the causative pathogen for the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection worldwide, is itself frequently infected with one or more of the four types of small double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) Trichomonas vaginalis viruses (TVV1 to 4, genus Trichomonasvirus , family Totiviridae ) ...

    Trichomonas vaginalis , the causative pathogen for the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection worldwide, is itself frequently infected with one or more of the four types of small double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) Trichomonas vaginalis viruses (TVV1 to 4, genus Trichomonasvirus , family Totiviridae ). Each TVV encloses a nonsegmented genome within a single-layered capsid and replicates entirely intracellularly, like many dsRNA viruses, and unlike those in the Reoviridae family. Here, we have determined the structure of TVV2 by cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM) at 3.6 Å resolution and derived an atomic model of its capsid. TVV2 has an icosahedral, T = 2*, capsid comprised of 60 copies of the icosahedral asymmetric unit (a dimer of the two capsid shell protein [CSP] conformers, CSP-A and CSP-B), typical of icosahedral dsRNA virus capsids. However, unlike the robust CSP-interlocking interactions such as the use of auxiliary "clamping" proteins among Reoviridae , only lateral CSP interactions are observed in TVV2, consistent with an assembly strategy optimized for TVVs' intracellular-only replication cycles within their protozoan host. The atomic model reveals both a mostly negatively charged capsid interior, which is conducive to movement of the loosely packed genome, and channels at the 5-fold vertices, which we suggest as routes of mRNA release during transcription. Structural comparison of TVV2 to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae L-A virus reveals a conserved helix-rich fold within the CSP and putative guanylyltransferase domain along the capsid exterior, suggesting conserved mRNA maintenance strategies among Totiviridae This first atomic structure of a TVV provides a framework to guide future biochemical investigations into the interplay between Trichomonas vaginalis and its viruses. IMPORTANCE Trichomonas vaginalis viruses (TVVs) are double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) viruses that cohabitate in Trichomonas vaginalis , the causative pathogen of trichomoniasis, the most common nonviral sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Featuring an unsegmented dsRNA genome encoding a single capsid shell protein (CSP), TVVs contrast with multisegmented dsRNA viruses, such as the diarrhea-causing rotavirus, whose larger genome is split into 10 dsRNA segments encoding 5 unique capsid proteins. To determine how TVVs incorporate the requisite functionalities for viral replication into their limited proteome, we derived the atomic model of TVV2, a first for TVVs. Our results reveal the intersubunit interactions driving CSP association for capsid assembly and the properties that govern organization and maintenance of the viral genome. Structural comparison between TVV2 capsids and those of distantly related dsRNA viruses indicates conserved strategies of nascent RNA release and a putative viral guanylyltransferase domain implicated in the cytoplasmic maintenance of viral messenger and genomic RNA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Capsid protein AB665Trichomonas vaginalis virus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cap
Find proteins for Q9JE95 (Trichomonas vaginalis virus 2)
Explore Q9JE95 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9JE95
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.00 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH/NIDCR)United StatesDE028583
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH/NIDCR)United StatesDE025567
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAI094386
National Institutes of Health/Office of the DirectorUnited States1S10OD018111
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United States1U24GM116792
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesR01AI103182
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesR33AI119721
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAI007323
National Science Foundation (NSF, United States)United StatesDBI-1338135
National Science Foundation (NSF, United States)United StatesDMR-1548924

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2021-04-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-04-14
    Changes: Database references